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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protection against Leishmania major infection in genetically susceptible BALB/c mice by gp63 delivered orally in attenuated Salmonella typhimurium (AroA- AroD-).

The gene encoding the Leishmania major (L. major) promastigote surface glycoprotein, gp63, was introduced into the Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) aroA- aroD- live oral vaccine strain BRD509 and expressed under the control of a constitutive tac promoter in plasmid pKK233-2. This construct (GID101) expressed gp63 in vitro and was used to immunize highly susceptible BALB/c mice by the oral route. The plasmid was relatively stably inherited by bacteria growing or persisting in the mesenteric lymph nodes of immunized mice. Mice immunized with GID101 developed significant resistance against a challenge infection with L. major compared to controls immunized with BRD509 alone. Spleen and lymph node cells from immunized mice developed a strong in vitro proliferative T-cell response to killed or live L. major. The activated T cells secreted interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) which was abrogated by treatment with anti-CD4 but not with anti-CD8 antibody. The cells did not produce detectable levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4). The immunized mice also produced significant amounts of leishmanial specific IgG2a antibody but did not develop delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to live parasites. No IgG1 antibody was detected. These data therefore demonstrate that gp63 gene delivered orally by a vaccine strain of S. typhimurium can preferentially induce the development of Th-1 subset of CD4+ T cells and protective immunity in the highly susceptible BALB/c mice.[1]


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