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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Long-lasting potentiation of synaptic transmission in the Schaffer collateral-commissural pathway of the guinea pig hippocampus by activation of postsynaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor.

The effects of short-period (2 min) perfusion of conditioning solution, which contains N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), glycine, and spermine, on the synaptic transmission in the Schaffer collateral-commissural pathway were examined in hippocampal slices with the intracellular recording technique. Long-lasting potentiation of excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) was induced (as long as the records lasted, up to 3 h in the longest observation) after membrane potentials of postsynaptic neurons were depolarized by current injection during perfusion of the conditioning solution. D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (D-AP5), a specific antagonist of NMDA receptors, block the induction of the long-lasting potentiation by perfusion of NMDA containing solution. This potentiation was accompanied by a decrease in the relative magnitude of EPSP amplitude fluctuation (coefficient of variation, CV). The reciprocals of squared CVs (= mean2/variance) were almost proportional to the magnitude of the potentiation, and the ratios of 1/CV2 and the magnitudes of potentiation were not different from those of long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by tetanic stimulation. These findings suggest that long-lasting potentiation is induced solely by activation of postsynaptic NMDA receptors, and transmitter release from presynaptic terminals may be modified by the activation of postsynaptic receptors.[1]


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