The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased prevalence of aortic fatty streaks in cholesterol-fed rabbits administered intravenous cocaine: the role of vascular endothelium.

Several recent postmortem studies suggest an increased prevalence of atherosclerosis in young habitual cocaine abusers. However, little is known about the effects of cocaine abuse on the vascular endothelium and its relationship to atherosclerosis. Therefore, the consequence of chronic administration of intravenous cocaine on the induction of aortic sudanophilia was examined. Male New Zealand White rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet for 10 wk. During this period, animals were randomized to receive either cocaine-hydrochloride (0.25 mg/kg) intravenously (n = 17) twice daily; or an equivalent volume of 0.9% physiologic saline, control group (n = 16). Mean values for total circulating leukocytes and platelets and total plasma cholesterol and triglycerides were similar in both groups throughout the protocol. At the completion of the study, aortic sudanophilia was measured and expressed as a percentage of regional involvement (R1 = proximal 4 cm, R2 = middle 6 cm, and R3 = distal 10 cm). Statistical significance among groups was achieved in the proximal thoracic aorta (p = 0.057). No significant differences in sudanophilia were noted in the middle and distal segments. When animals were placed in subgroups according to percent total plaque involvement, there was a significant increased distribution of rabbits with a greater extent of sudanophilia in the cocaine-treated group as compared with control (p = 0.01, chi-square analysis). Immunocytochemical studies using the macrophage-specific and muscle actin-specific monoclonal antibodies demonstrated that sudanophilic areas in both groups were predominantly composed of macrophage-derived foam cells. Evaluation of plaque morphology showed an increase in intimal plaque thickness and in the number of macrophages and smooth muscle cells in cocaine-treated animals; however, group differences were not statistically significant. Because no significant differences were found in the cellular composition of atherosclerotic plaques between groups, further studies were performed to assess the effects of cocaine on the permeability function of cultured endothelial cell monolayers as a possible mechanism of increased sudanophilia. Cocaine (100 microM)-treated endothelial cell monolayers demonstrated an increased permeability to horseradish peroxidase during all time intervals studied (0-6 hr). Permeability differences were statistically significant at 30 min and 1 hr (p = 0.003 and 0.02, respectively). Collectively, these observations suggest that administration of cocaine to cholesterol-fed rabbits increases the prevalence of aortic sudanophilia via at least one possible mechanism involving enhanced vascular permeability.[1]


  1. Increased prevalence of aortic fatty streaks in cholesterol-fed rabbits administered intravenous cocaine: the role of vascular endothelium. Kolodgie, F.D., Wilson, P.S., Cornhill, J.F., Herderick, E.E., Mergner, W.J., Virmani, R. Toxicologic pathology. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities