The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chlorocresol: an activator of ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca2+ release.

In the present study we investigated the effect of the compound chlorocresol on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Three different systems that have been shown to express the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ channel were chosen, i.e., skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, cerebellar microsomes, and PC12 cells. In skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, 4-chloro-m-cresol was found to be a potent activator of Ca2+ release mediated by a ruthenium red/caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ release channel. In cerebellar microsomes, this compound released Ca2+ from an inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-insensitive store, suggesting that there too it was acting at the ryanodine receptor level. When tested on PC12 cells, chlorocresol released Ca2+ from a caffeine- and thapsigargin-sensitive intracellular store. In addition, the compound was capable of releasing Ca2+ after pretreatment of PC12 cells with bradykinin, suggesting that it acts on a channel contained within an intracellular Ca2+ store that is distinct from that sensitive to inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate. Structure-activity relationship analyses suggest that the chloro and methyl groups in chlorocresols are important for the activation of the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channel.[1]


  1. Chlorocresol: an activator of ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca2+ release. Zorzato, F., Scutari, E., Tegazzin, V., Clementi, E., Treves, S. Mol. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities