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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of calcium channel blockade on the aortic intima in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Hypertension is associated with an intimal dysfunction characterized by endothelium-dependent constriction to serotonin, decreased endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine, and a subendothelial infiltration of monocyte-macrophages. The goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of long-term calcium channel blockade with Ro 40-5967, a new long-acting calcium channel blocker, on these alterations in aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Arterial blood pressure was decreased by Ro 40-5967. In aortas from Ro 40-5967-treated SHR, the serotonin ratio (maximal contraction to serotonin on rings with endothelium over maximal contraction on paired rings without endothelium) was reduced (1.14 +/- 0.10) compared with control SHR (1.72 +/- 0.12, P < .01) because of inhibition of maximal contraction in rings with endothelium. This effect of Ro 40-5967 was partially reversed by an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, and partially inhibited in the presence of the thromboxane/prostaglandin H2 receptor antagonist AH 23848. Maximal relaxation to acetylcholine in rings with endothelium was increased by Ro 40-5967. In rings without endothelium, Ro 40-5967 treatment enhanced the sensitivity to sodium nitroprusside-induced relaxation. Cyclic GMP content, an indicator of NO release, was not increased in aortas from Ro 40-5967-treated SHR. Thus, improvement of endothelial function was probably achieved by facilitating the action of NO at the level of the smooth muscle cells and by reducing prostaglandin H2-induced constriction. Finally, the number of monocyte-macrophages in the subendothelium was decreased by Ro 40-5967. 40-5967.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effects of calcium channel blockade on the aortic intima in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Gray, G.A., Clozel, M., Clozel, J.P., Baumgartner, H.R. Hypertension (1993) [Pubmed]
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