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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Catecholamine secretory vesicles. Augmented chromogranins and amines in secondary hypertension.

Chromogranins A and B are major soluble proteins in chromaffin granules. Their adrenomedullary content is increased in the spontaneously (genetic) hypertensive rat. Is augmented catecholamine vesicular storage of the chromogranins a specific feature of genetic hypertension? To explore this question, we measured chromogranin A immunoreactivity, using a novel, synthetic peptide radioimmunoassay, in rat adrenal medullas 4-6 weeks after induction of the two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt model of renovascular hypertension and in unmanipulated control animals. We also measured messenger RNAs of chromogranins A and B and dopamine beta-hydroxylase by Northern blot. Immunoreactive adrenal chromogranin A was 3.3-fold higher (p < 0.01) in clipped rat adrenals. Adrenal catecholamine concentrations and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase activity were also higher in clipped rats. Adrenal dopamine beta-hydroxylase activity (both membrane-bound and soluble forms) and corticosterone (glucocorticoid) concentration did not significantly differ between the groups. Adrenal medullary chromogranin A messenger RNA levels in clipped rats were 3.2-fold higher (p = 0.029) than those in the control group, and chromogranin B messenger RNA levels were 4.6-fold higher (p = 0.05). Dopamine beta-hydroxylase messenger RNA levels were 2.9-fold higher (p = 0.038). Thus, augmented synthesis and storage of adrenomedullary chromogranins A and B, catecholamines, and their biosynthetic enzymes appear to be characteristic of both acquired and genetic hypertension.[1]


  1. Catecholamine secretory vesicles. Augmented chromogranins and amines in secondary hypertension. Takiyyuddin, M.A., De Nicola, L., Gabbai, F.B., Dinh, T.Q., Kennedy, B., Ziegler, M.G., Sabban, E.L., Parmer, R.J., O'Connor, D.T. Hypertension (1993) [Pubmed]
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