The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Eicosanoids as mediators of linoleic acid-stimulated invasion and type IV collagenase production by a metastatic human breast cancer cell line.

Diets rich in linoleic acid (LA) stimulate the metastasis of MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cells from the mammary fat pads of nude mice. This omega-6 fatty acid is metabolized to various cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase products, several of which have been previously associated with tumor cell invasion and metastasis. We now report that MDA-MB-435 cells secreted increased levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and 15-HETE when cultured in the presence of 2.7 microM (0.75 micrograms/ml) LA; 5-HETE secretion was unchanged. The 12-lipoxygenase inhibitor esculetin (20 microM) completely blocked the LA-stimulated 12-HETE secretion. Linoleic acid also increased MDA-MB-435 cell invasion in an in vitro assay; this stimulation was abolished by 20 microM esculetin, but was unaffected by piroxicam, a selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor. The effect of LA on invasion was replicated by 0.1 microM 12-HETE, but not by 5-HETE or PGE2; 15-HETE was stimulatory only at a concentration of 1.0 microM. Zymographic and Northern blot analyses showed that these events are accompanied by the induction of 92 kDa isoform type IV collagenase (metalloproteinase-9) enzymic activity and mRNA expression by exogenous LA and 12-HETE, and their suppression by the 12-lipoxygenase inhibitor. These results suggest that the effects of dietary LA on breast cancer cell metastasis in the nude mouse model are due, at least in part, to enhanced 12-HETE biosynthesis, with an associated increase in proteolytic enzyme activity and tumor cell invasiveness.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities