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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mammalian ARF-like protein 1 (Arl1) is associated with the Golgi complex.

A rat cDNA clone was isolated which encodes a protein displaying characteristics of a ras-like small GTPase. The deduced amino acid sequence shows the highest amino acid identity (79%) with the Drosophila ARF-like protein 1 (dArl1) among all the known members of the ras-like small GTPase superfamily. The encoded protein was tentatively named rat Arl1 (rArl1). Northern blotting analysis revealed that the rArl1 gene is ubiquitously expressed in rat tissues. Recombinant rArl1 fused to glutathione-S-transferase ( GST) to create GST-rArl1 binds GTP-gamma-S in a dose-dependent manner. Polyclonal antibodies raised against two unique rArl1 peptides recognized a 22 kDa protein in total NRK cell lysate. Immunofluorescence microscopy of NRK cells revealed discrete perinuclear labelling that could be competed out by GST-rArl1 but not GST. Examination of 8 additional cell lines revealed a similar labelling, suggesting that the antigen recognised by the antibodies is conserved and widely-expressed. Co-localization experiments in NRK cells with antibodies to mannosidase II and a newly identified cis-Golgi protein, p28, showed that rArl1 is localized to the Golgi complex. When cells were treated with nocodazole, the Golgi complex marked by mannosidase II and p28 was fragmented into punctate structures scattered throughout the cell, in which rArl1 was colocalized. Treatment with brefeldin A (BFA) resulted in the redistribution of rArl1 and mannosidase II into the cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum, respectively. The kinetics of the redistribution of rArl1 in response to BFA differ from those of ARF and beta-COP, two components of non-clathrin coated vesicles.[1]


  1. The mammalian ARF-like protein 1 (Arl1) is associated with the Golgi complex. Lowe, S.L., Wong, S.H., Hong, W. J. Cell. Sci. (1996) [Pubmed]
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