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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Positive effects of SH2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 on epidermal growth factor- and interferon-gamma- stimulated activation of STAT transcription factors in HeLa cells.

SHP-1 (also known as PTP1C, SHPTP-1, SHP, and HCP) is an SH2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase. We have stably overexpressed the native form and a catalytically inactive cysteine to serine mutant of the enzyme, SHP-1-(Cys --> Ser), in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. Following stimulation of the cells with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interferon-gamma ( INF-gamma), signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) activity was analyzed by using two 32P-labeled DNA probes, namely hSIE which is derived from a high affinity mutant form of the serum-inducible element in the c-fos promotor and GAS which resembles the INF-gamma activation site. EGF induced hSIE binding activity only, and the activity was suppressed by approximately 70% when the inactive mutant form of SHP-1 was expressed but was essentially unaffected by expression of the native enzyme. INF-gamma treatment resulted in appearance of both hSIE and GAS binding activities. While expression of the inactive mutant reduced the activities by 30-50%, the native enzyme caused a 20-30% increase. Consistent with effects on STAT activation, altered SHP-1 expression also affected EGF- induced activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway; expression of SHP-1-(Cys --> Ser) inhibited activity of MEK by approximately 25%, whereas expression of SHP-1 resulted in a approximately 25% increase. Further studies revealed that overexpression of SHP-1 caused decreased tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor and that EGF induced phosphorylation and recruitment of SHP-1. Together, the data suggest that SHP-1 is positively involved in EGF- and INF-gamma- induced STAT activation in non-hematopoietic HeLa cells and that, in the EGF signaling system, SHP-1 functions at least partly by modulating tyrosine phosphorylation of EGF receptor.[1]


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