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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bombesin, vasopressin, endothelin, bradykinin, and platelet-derived growth factor rapidly activate protein kinase D through a protein kinase C-dependent signal transduction pathway.

Protein kinase D ( PKD) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that is activated by phorbol esters via protein kinase C in intact cells. To assess the physiological significance of this putative pathway, we examined the regulation of PKD in living cells by mitogenic regulatory peptides and by platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF). Our results demonstrate that bombesin rapidly induces PKD activation in Swiss 3T3 cells, as shown by autophosphorylation and syntide-2 phosphorylation assays. Maximum PKD activation (14-fold above base-line levels) was obtained 90 s after bombesin stimulation. Bombesin also induced PKD activation in Rat-1 cells stably transfected with the bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) receptor and in COS-7 cells transiently co-transfected with PKD and bombesin/GRP receptor expression constructs. No inducible kinase activity was demonstrated when COS-7 cells were transfected with a kinase-deficient PKD mutant. Bombesin-mediated PKD activation was prevented by treatment of Swiss 3T3 cells with the protein kinase C inhibitors GF 1092030X and Ro 31-8220. In contrast, these compounds did not inhibit PKD activity when added directly in vitro. Vasopressin, endothelin, and bradykinin also activated PKD in Swiss 3T3 cells through a PKC-dependent pathway. Platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated PKD activation in Swiss 3T3 cells and in porcine aortic endothelial cells stably transfected with PDGF-beta receptors. Treatment with GF 1092030X or Ro 31-8220 inhibited PKD activation induced by PDGF. Thus, our results indicate that PKD is activated by multiple signaling peptides through a protein kinase C-dependent signal transduction pathway in a variety of cell types.[1]


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