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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Upregulation of the tracheobronchial mucin gene involves cyclic AMP response elements.

The cAMP response element (CRE)-binding transcription factor CREB can mediate induction of gene transcription in response to cAMP. Since the tracheobronchial mucin gene ( TBM) 5'-flanking region contains CREs (located between residues -289 and -376) with an octamer-like motif (TGACGTCC), the cAMP responsiveness of the TBM CREs was investigated in human tracheal epithelial cells HBE1. These cells were isolated from non-cystic fibrosis subjects and immortalized with HPV18 genes E6 and E7 (ref. 1). HBE1 cells express a homolog of canine TBM (as demonstrated by TBM expression at the transcription and translation level). Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) indicated that CREs provide a binding site for nuclear proteins. Transient transfection analysis [using the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) reporter gene] and nuclear run on analysis indicated cAMP induced transcription of the TBM gene. The transcriptional activity of the HBE1 transfected cells containing CRE was selectively modulated by extracellular 8Br-cAMP in a dose-dependent manner; a 6-fold increase in activity was detected when cells were incubated for 12 hr in the presence of 2 microM vs 1 nM 8BrcAMP. Since mucin gene is over- expressed in diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF) and asthma, the information presented here will help us understand the mechanisms involved in transcriptional regulation of mucin gene expression in disease states.[1]


  1. Upregulation of the tracheobronchial mucin gene involves cyclic AMP response elements. Verma, M., Blass, C., Davidson, E.A. Indian J. Biochem. Biophys. (1997) [Pubmed]
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