The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Myc/p53 interactions in transgenic mouse mammary development, tumorigenesis and chromosomal instability.

We have examined defects in mammary development and tumorigenesis in a transgenic model expressing the c-myc gene under the MMTV-LTR promoter. The stochastic tumors which arise from hyperplastic ductal and lobular lesions in this model are characterized by high rates both of apoptosis and of chromosomal instability. Since the p53 gene product is thought to be central in the maintenance of genomic integrity, in part due to its ability to induce apoptosis in cells harboring DNA damage, we examined its expression and possible mutation. Initially, we observed that unmutated p53 is strongly expressed in premalignant mammary glands and in mammary tumors derived from the MMTV-c-myc strain. We then mated the MMTV-myc strain to a p53-deficient strain as a means of examining the effect of this lesion on mammary development and tumorigenesis in the context of c-myc overexpression. A lack of both p53 alleles in the presence of c-myc overexpression resulted in a dramatic hyerplastic alteration in mammary gland development. Specifically, in female bitransgenic MMTV-c-myc/p53 null mice (MMTV-myc/p53(-/-)), lobular hyperplasias were observed at almost every ductal end bud as early as 32 days of age. In contrast, only mild ductal and lobular hyperplasias were seen in MMTV-myc mice that contained both p53 alleles (MMTV-myc/p53(+/+)); an intermediate phenotype occurred in mice with a single intact (MMTV-myc/p53(+/-)) p53 allele. Mammary carcinomas arose with a high frequency in MMTV-myc/p53(+/-) mice; the tumors were comparable in frequency, histology and apoptotic index to the tumors in MMTV-myc/p53(+/+) mice. Also, as previously observed (Elson et al., 1995), lymphomas arose with extremely short latency in MMTV-myc/p53(-/-) mice, precluding study of the fate of their hyperplastic mammary lesions in situ. The frequency of p53 mutations in MMTV-myc/p53(+/+) and MMTV-myc/p53(+/-) mammary tumors and in cell lines derived from these tumors was examined by direct sequencing. No point mutations or deletions in p53 were observed in mammary tumors or cell lines from either genotype. Finally, a detailed chromosomal analysis using multicolor spectral karyotyping (SKY) revealed that there were multiple chromosomal alterations in the c-myc-overexpressing cells that contained either one or two unmutated p53 alleles. Variable ploidy changes, a common translocation of chromosome 11, and other chromosomal aberrations were observed. Our data thus support an interaction between c-Myc and p53 in mammary development, but suggest that loss of p53 is required neither for c-myc-dependent tumorigenesis nor for c-myc-dependent chromosomal instability.[1]


  1. Myc/p53 interactions in transgenic mouse mammary development, tumorigenesis and chromosomal instability. McCormack, S.J., Weaver, Z., Deming, S., Natarajan, G., Torri, J., Johnson, M.D., Liyanage, M., Ried, T., Dickson, R.B. Oncogene (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities