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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distribution of prostaglandin IP and EP receptor subtypes and isoforms in platelets and human umbilical artery smooth muscle cells.

Prostaglandins act through specific receptors to stimulate cyclic AMP formation which inhibits platelet activation and relaxes vascular smooth muscle. We have used RT-PCR combined with Southern blot analysis to determine the subtypes of prostaglandin receptor on platelets. Platelets expressed the EP4 rather than the EP2 prostaglandin EP receptor subtype, whereas vascular smooth muscle cells predominantly expressed the EP2 receptor. The IP receptor, which binds prostacyclin and couples to stimulation of adenylyl cyclase, and three isoforms of the inhibitory EP3 receptor were equally expressed in platelets, HEL cells and umbilical artery smooth muscle cells. The EP3-II isoform showed variation in level of expression among the three cell types. As a positive control for the presence of platelet RNA, PCR was performed using primers specific for the alpha chain of the platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib. As a negative control for the absence of T and B cell contamination in the platelet RNA, PCR was performed using primers specific for the cell specific cluster determinants CD2 (a T-cell marker) and CD20 (a B-cell marker). The finding that platelets express both stimulatory and inhibitory prostaglandin receptors provides confirmation of a homeostatic model of regulation of platelet adenylyl cyclase previously proposed.[1]


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