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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-8 expression by human neutrophils activated by Helicobacter pylori soluble proteins.

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori soluble proteins may serve as chemoattractants for neutrophils. Once extravasated and attracted to the gastric mucosa, neutrophils themselves may be a source of interleukin-8 (IL-8), further amplifying the inflammatory response. We evaluated IL-8 expression and the activation of human neutrophils by H. pylori products. METHODS: After neutrophils had been stimulated with H. pylori culture supernatant, IL-8 mRNA expression was assessed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, using synthetic standard RNA at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 9 h. The amount of IL-8 protein was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1beta (LFA-1beta) (CD18) expression was determined with flow cytometry, and myeloperoxidase secretion was analyzed with ELISA. After acetohydroxamic acid (AHA) and/or N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine ( BOC- MLP) was added to H. pylori culture supernatant, IL-8 ELISA was analyzed for 9 h. RESULTS: IL-8 mRNA expression by stimulated neutrophils was 16 to 67 times greater than by controls, peaking at 2 h after stimulation. The amount of IL-8 protein was markedly increased at 4 h after stimulation. H. pylori culture supernatant enhanced LFA-1beta expression and myeloperoxidase secretion by neutrophils. AHA and/or BOC- MLP decreased IL-8 production at 2-4 h after stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori-induced neutrophil recruitment may be mediated via IL-8 expressed by neutrophils activated by H. pylori soluble proteins. This may explain the gastric mucosal inflammatory response to the non-invasive organism.[1]


  1. Interleukin-8 expression by human neutrophils activated by Helicobacter pylori soluble proteins. Kim, J.S., Jung, H.C., Kim, J.M., Song, I.S., Kim, C.Y. Scand. J. Gastroenterol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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