The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)



Gene Review

CD86  -  CD86 molecule

Bos taurus

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of CD86

  • CD80 and CD86, but not CD154, augment DNA vaccine-induced protection in experimental bovine tuberculosis [1].
  • In vitro derived DC were infected with BCG, which induced their maturation, as shown by the increased expression of MHC class II antigens, CD80 and CD86 co-stimulatory molecules [2].

High impact information on CD86

  • RESULTS: Intracellular mammalian DNA activated immature BMDCs, as determined by the up-regulation of CD40 and CD86 as well as by the production of significant quantities of type I IFN [3].
  • We demonstrate that MC-exosomes induce immature dendritic cells (DCs) to up-regulate MHC class II, CD80, CD86, and CD40 molecules and to acquire potent Ag-presenting capacity to T cells [4].
  • This was not related to binding of CTLA4Ig or CD40L fusion proteins, implying similar levels of expression of their ligands, CD80 and CD86 or CD40 [5].
  • This was not due to down-regulation of a number of recognized co-stimulatory molecules including CD80, CD86 and CD40 [6].
  • Co-administration of either CD80/CD86 or CD154 enhanced ESAT-6-specific IFN-gamma responses as compared to animals vaccinated with ESAT-6 DNA alone [1].

Biological context of CD86

  • DC infected with S. typhimurium up-regulated cell surface expression of major histocompatibility class I (MHC-I), MHC-II, CD40, CD80 and CD86 [7].

Anatomical context of CD86

  • However, following aerosol challenge, only animals vaccinated with CD80/CD86 possessed decreased pathology of the lungs and associated lymph nodes, as measured by gross examination, radiographic lesion morphometry and bacterial recovery [1].
  • In the present study, we investigated the ability of two selected APC populations, the dendritic cells (DCs) highly expressing CD80 and CD86 molecules (CD80highCD86high) and the monocytes expressing the same molecules at a rather low level (CD80lowCD86low), to stimulate the proliferation of purified bovine WC1+gammadelta T cells to SAgs [8].

Other interactions of CD86

  • The co-administration of costimulatory molecules CD80 (B7-1), CD86 (B7-2) and CD154 (CD40L) has been shown to enhance immune responses in several murine models [1].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of CD86

  • Collectively, these results demonstrate that the co-administration of costimulatory molecules with a protective antigen target enhances bovine immune responses to DNA vaccination, and that CD80/CD86 is superior to CD154 in augmenting DNA vaccine-induced protection in experimental bovine tuberculosis [1].
  • BMDC activation was determined by flow cytometry (CD40, CD86) [3].
  • After such enhanced clustering the DCs had increased their T cell stimulating capabilities in syngeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction, and had a higher expression of CD80 and CD86 (signs of maturation) [9].


  1. CD80 and CD86, but not CD154, augment DNA vaccine-induced protection in experimental bovine tuberculosis. Maue, A.C., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Whipple, D.L., Minion, F.C., Brown, W.C., Estes, D.M. Vaccine (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Protection against aerosol Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection using Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guérin-infected dendritic cells. Demangel, C., Bean, A.G., Martin, E., Feng, C.G., Kamath, A.T., Britton, W.J. Eur. J. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Intracellular mammalian DNA stimulates myeloid dendritic cells to produce type I interferons predominantly through a toll-like receptor 9-independent pathway. Martin, D.A., Elkon, K.B. Arthritis Rheum. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Mast cell-derived exosomes induce phenotypic and functional maturation of dendritic cells and elicit specific immune responses in vivo. Skokos, D., Botros, H.G., Demeure, C., Morin, J., Peronet, R., Birkenmeier, G., Boudaly, S., Mécheri, S. J. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Identification of two distinct populations of dendritic cells in afferent lymph that vary in their ability to stimulate T cells. Howard, C.J., Sopp, P., Brownlie, J., Kwong, L.S., Parsons, K.R., Taylor, G. J. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Differential effects of bovine viral diarrhoea virus on monocytes and dendritic cells. Glew, E.J., Carr, B.V., Brackenbury, L.S., Hope, J.C., Charleston, B., Howard, C.J. J. Gen. Virol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Differential response of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells to infection with Salmonella typhimurium in a low-dose model in vitro. Norimatsu, M., Harris, J., Chance, V., Dougan, G., Howard, C.J., Villarreal-Ramos, B. Immunology (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Costimulatory molecule requirement for bovine WC1+gammadelta T cells' proliferative response to bacterial superantigens. Fikri, Y., Pastoret, P.P., Nyabenda, J. Scand. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Homotypic cluster formation of dendritic cells, a close correlate of their state of maturation. Defects in the biobreeding diabetes-prone rat. Delemarre, F.G., Hoogeveen, P.G., De Haan-Meulman, M., Simons, P.J., Drexhage, H.A. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities