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High impact information on Artiodactyla


Biological context of Artiodactyla


Anatomical context of Artiodactyla


Associations of Artiodactyla with chemical compounds

  • Two related glycoproteins, fetuin in species of the order Artiodactyla (cattle, sheep, pig) and alpha 2HS glycoprotein in the human [(1987) Cell Tissue Res. 248, 33-41] have a very specific distribution in the developing brain [9].
  • In contrast to other studies of Artiodactyla DRB sequences, interallelic recombination does not appear to be playing a significant role in the generation of allelic diversity at this locus in white-tailed deer [10].
  • Among the suborder Suiformes of Artiodactyla, the families Hippopotamidae and Tayassuidae do not seem to possess lysipressin, in contrast to the family Suidae in which the pig has lysipressin in place of arginine vasopressin [11].

Gene context of Artiodactyla

  • Homology analyses of nucleotide and deduced amino sequences of llama IL-2, IFN-, IL-12p35 and IL-12p40 and phylogenetic analysis based on their nucleotide sequences indicated the close relationship in these cytokine genes between llama and eutherian mammalian order Artiodactyla, which includes pig and cattle [12].
  • The deduced sequence for the mature GH from red deer is identical to that of bovine GH, indicating that the burst of rapid evolution of GH that occurred in Artiodactyla must have been completed before the divergence of Cervidae and Bovidae and suggesting that the rate of evolution during this burst must have been greater than previously estimated [13].
  • However, there is limited data documenting the ability of protein G to bind immunoglobulin (Ig) from many captive and free-ranging nondomestic hoofstock (Order Artiodactyla, e.g., elk, antelope, bison) [14].


  1. Hormonal and immunological aspects of the phylogeny of sex steroid binding plasma protein. Renoir, J.M., Mercier-Bodard, C., Baulieu, E.E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1980) [Pubmed]
  2. Phylogenetic evidence from the IRBP gene for the paraphyly of toothed whales, with mixed support for Cetacea as a suborder of Artiodactyla. Smith, M.R., Shivji, M.S., Waddell, V.G., Stanhope, M.J. Mol. Biol. Evol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Pepsin-related molecules secreted by trophoblast. Green, J.A., Xie, S., Roberts, R.M. Rev. Reprod. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. A gel retardation assay system for studying protein binding to simple repetitive DNA sequences. Mäueler, W., Muller, M., Köhne, A.C., Epplen, J.T. Electrophoresis (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. New phylogenetic perspectives on the Cervidae (Artiodactyla) are provided by the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Randi, E., Mucci, N., Pierpaoli, M., Douzery, E. Proc. Biol. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Mitochondrial gene sequences and the molecular systematics of the artiodactyl subfamily bovinae. Janecek, L.L., Honeycutt, R.L., Adkins, R.M., Davis, S.K. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Expression of interleukin-6 in porcine, ovine, and bovine preimplantation conceptuses. Mathialagan, N., Bixby, J.A., Roberts, R.M. Mol. Reprod. Dev. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Immunohistochemical localization of keratin in bull, goat, and sheep anterior pituitary glands. Shimada, T. Cell Tissue Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Early cortical plate specific glycoprotein in a marsupial species belongs to the same family as fetuin and alpha 2HS glycoprotein. Jones, S.E., Dziegielewska, K.M., Saunders, N.R., Christie, D.L., Sueiras-Diaz, J., Szelke, M. FEBS Lett. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Characterization of Mhc-DRB allelic diversity in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) provides insight into Mhc-DRB allelic evolution within Cervidae. Van Den Bussche, R.A., Hoofer, S.R., Lochmiller, R.L. Immunogenetics (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. The distribution of lysine vasopressin (lysipressin) in placental mammals: a reinvestigation of the Hippopotamidae (Hippopotamus amphibius) and Tayassuidae (Tayassu angulatus) families. Rouille, Y., Chauvet, M.T., Chauvet, J., Acher, R., Hadley, M.E. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. Cloning and sequence analysis of llama cytokines related to cell-mediated immunity. Odbileg, R., Lee, S.I., Yoshida, R., Chang, K.S., Ohashi, K., Sugimoto, C., Onuma, M. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Cloning and characterisation of the gene encoding red deer (Cervus elaphus) growth hormone: implications for the molecular evolution of growth hormone in artiodactyls. Lioupis, A., Wallis, O.C., Wallis, M. J. Mol. Endocrinol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  14. Protein G binding to enriched serum immunoglobulin from nondomestic hoofstock species. Kramsky, J.A., Manning, E.J., Collins, M.T. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. (2003) [Pubmed]
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