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MeSH Review

Women, Working

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Disease relevance of Women, Working


High impact information on Women, Working

  • METHODS: Face-to-face interview were administered to 360 women working in 60 cantinas [2].
  • Only one of the 124 women working in the rotogravure factories was exposed to an average toluene concentrations above 100 mg/m(3) (i.e. 27 ppm) [3].
  • Pregnancy outcome among women working in laundries and dry-cleaning shops using tetrachloroethylene [4].
  • Nonsignificant excesses in women working with polyolefine (1.30) and polyvinyl (1.39) were present only when exposure also included other types of plastic; no excess was observed in women whose work did not include polystyrene [5].
  • However, symptoms and disability; as assessed with the Michigan Hand Questionnaire and the SF-12, were less severe in working women [6].

Biological context of Women, Working


Associations of Women, Working with chemical compounds


Gene context of Women, Working

  • Our purpose was to determine if blood samplings in the mornings after night shifts should be avoided for measuring the basal serum prolactin levels in women working at night and with regular menses; 20 nurses with regular menses, all working only at night shifts, were enrolled in this study [9].
  • PMS is more prevalent among women working outside the home, alcoholics, women of high parity, and women with toxemic tendency; it probably runs in families [10].
  • CONCLUSIONS: We could not find any correlation between CTS development and employment duration, or with work produced per year; but these two were the prominent factors contributing to delayed median sensory latency The results indicates that women working in the hand-made carpet industry have a higher risk of CTS development [11].
  • A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted comparing working women employed by the Women's Work Centres of the Orangi Pilot Project with non-working matched controls [12].


  1. Urinary incontinence. Impact on working women. Fitzgerald, S.T., Palmer, M.H., Berry, S.J., Hart, K. AAOHN journal : official journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses. (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Cervical cancer screening among Latinas recently immigrated to the United States. Fernández-Esquer, M.E., Cardenas-Turanzas, M. Preventive medicine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Multicenter field trial on possible health effects of toluene. I. Toluene body burdens in workers of the rotogravure industry. Neubert, D., Bochert, G., Gericke, C., Hanke, B., Beckmann, G. Toxicology (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Pregnancy outcome among women working in laundries and dry-cleaning shops using tetrachloroethylene. Ahlborg, G. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  5. Spontaneous abortion in women employed in plastics manufacture. McDonald, A.D., Lavoie, J., Côté, R., McDonald, J.C. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Carpal tunnel syndrome and work. Dias, J.J., Burke, F.D., Wildin, C.J., Heras-Palou, C., Bradley, M.J. Journal of hand surgery (Edinburgh, Lothian) (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. The effect of labor force participation on coronary heart disease risk factors among middle-aged women: a cross-sectional study in a Japanese rural district. Tsutsumi, K., Tsutsumi, A., Orth-Gomér, K. International journal of behavioral medicine. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Working women's sexual risk taking in Jamaica. Le Franc, E., Wyatt, G.E., Chambers, C., Eldemire, D., Bain, B., Ricketts, H. Social science & medicine (1982) (1996) [Pubmed]
  9. Is there any change in the prolactin levels of nurses in the morning after night shift? Aktan, E., Kaleli, B., Alatas, E. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. The premenstrual syndrome. Lurie, S., Borenstein, R. Obstetrical & gynecological survey. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Carpal tunnel syndrome in carpet workers. Kutluhan, S., Akhan, G., Demirci, S., Duru, S., Koyuncuoglu, H.R., Ozturk, M., Cirak, B. International archives of occupational and environmental health. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Health, attitudes and beliefs of working women. Mubarak, K., Shafqat, S., Malik, U., Pirzada, R., Qureshi, A.F. Social science & medicine (1982) (1990) [Pubmed]
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