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Disease relevance of Festuca

  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 carrying plasmid pTOK233 encoding the hygromycin resistance (hph) and beta-glucuronidase (uidA) genes has been used to transform two agronomic grass species: tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) [1].

High impact information on Festuca

  • Effect of polyploidy on phosphoglucose isomerase diversity in Festuca microstachys [2].
  • Inhibition studies of IgE antibody binding to Dac g 4 with pollen extracts confirmed the presence of cross-reactive allergens in Secale cereale, Lolium perenne, Festuca elatior, Holcus lanatus, Bromus arvensis, Poa pratense, Hordeum sativum, and Phleum pratense [3].
  • 1. A xyloglucan-derived nonasaccharide ([3H]XG9; Glc4,Xyl3,Gal,Fuc) was neither taken up by cultured plant cells nor appreciably hydrolysed by them, but a proportion of it became incorporated into extracellular polymers in all cultures tested (Spinacia, Daucus, Rosa, Acer, Capsicum, Zea and Festuca) [4].
  • Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) increased the prevalence of ndoB, alkB, and xylE as well as naphthalene mineralization in rhizosphere soil compared to that in bulk soil [5].
  • A growth chamber study was conducted to investigate the fate of pyrene in the rhizosphere of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). For this study, 14C-labeled pyrene was used, and distribution of 14C activity was assessed after plant establishment [6].

Biological context of Festuca

  • A gradient of development consisting of successive zones of cell division, cell elongation and cell maturation occurs along the longitudinal axis of elongating leaf blades of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), a C3 grass [7].

Associations of Festuca with chemical compounds

  • The degree of tolerance was compared to known zinc-tolerant E. angustifolium and Festuca rubra Merlin [8].
  • A 2-year field experiment was conducted to study B uptake in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) Schreb. cv. Au Triumph grown in soil containing potentially toxic levels of native soil B [9].
  • All plants were hygromycin-resistant, but histochemical determination of GUS activity showed that only one Festuca plant and one Lolium plant expressed GUS [1].
  • Spring application of a plant growth regulator, mefluidide, to tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) pastures grazed from May to September reduced (P less than .05) available DM and digestible OM per hectare by 51 and 41%, respectively, compared to untreated pastures [10].
  • We evaluated the effectiveness of lime and red mud (by-product of aluminium manufacturing) to reduce metal availability to Festuca rubra and to allow re-vegetation on a highly contaminated brown-field site [11].

Gene context of Festuca

  • Similarly, the numbers of alkB- or ndoB-positive endophytes in Festuca arundinacea were correlated with the concentration of creosote in the soil but not with the numbers of alkB- or ndoB-positive bacteria in the bulk soil [12].
  • A DNA marker for the duplicated cytosolic PGI genes in sheep's fescue (Festuca ovina L.) [13].
  • The HvCCR encoded protein possesses substantial homology with CCRs isolated and cloned form other sources; the highest identity (89%) was observed with CCR from fescue (Festuca arundicinea) [14].
  • Two pasture experiments investigated effects of Tasco-Forage (a proprietary seaweed-based product) applied to tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) on antioxidant activity in plants and in ruminants that grazed the forage [15].
  • Embryogenic calli of Festuca arundinacea were transformed with the Agrobacterium tumefaciens isopentenyl transferase (ipt) gene driven by a maize ubiquitin promoter [16].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Festuca

  • Active duplicate PgiC genes in sheep's fescue, Festuca ovina, are associated with a PCR marker of specific length (about 370 bp, of which 231 are in an intron) [13].
  • In order to evaluate the taxonomic value of DNA-based markers, sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) region and the chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron was performed in the ten most problematic fine fescues belonging to the Festuca ovina aggregate [17].


  1. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Festuca arundinacea (Schreb.) and Lolium multiflorum (Lam.). Bettany, A.J., Dalton, S.J., Timms, E., Manderyck, B., Dhanoa, M.S., Morris, P. Plant Cell Rep. (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Effect of polyploidy on phosphoglucose isomerase diversity in Festuca microstachys. Adams, W.T., Allard, R.W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1977) [Pubmed]
  3. Characterization of Dac g 4, a major basic allergen from Dactylis glomerata pollen. Leduc-Brodard, V., Inacio, F., Jaquinod, M., Forest, E., David, B., Peltre, G. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Endotransglycosylation of xyloglucans in plant cell suspension cultures. Smith, R.C., Fry, S.C. Biochem. J. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Changes in microbial community composition and function during a polyaromatic hydrocarbon phytoremediation field trial. Siciliano, S.D., Germida, J.J., Banks, K., Greer, C.W. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Pyrene degradation in the rhizosphere of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Chen, Y.C., Banks, M.K., Schwab, A.P. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Secondary cell wall deposition causes radial growth of fibre cells in the maturation zone of elongating tall fescue leaf blades. Macadam, J.W., Nelson, C.J. Ann. Bot. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. Screening the wetland plant species Alisma plantago-aquatica, Carex rostrata and Phalaris arundinacea for innate tolerance to zinc and comparison with Eriophorum angustifolium and Festuca rubra Merlin. Matthews, D.J., Moran, B.M., Otte, M.L. Environ. Pollut. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Bioextraction of soil boron by tall fescue. Bañuelos, G.S., Mackey, B., Wu, L., Zambrzuski, S., Akohoue, S. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (1995) [Pubmed]
  10. Mefluidide treatment of tall fescue pastures: forage quality. Turner, K.E., Paterson, J.A., Kerley, M.S., Forwood, J.R. J. Anim. Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Field evaluation of in situ remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using lime and red-mud. Gray, C.W., Dunham, S.J., Dennis, P.G., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. Environ. Pollut. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Selection of specific endophytic bacterial genotypes by plants in response to soil contamination. Siciliano, S.D., Fortin, N., Mihoc, A., Wisse, G., Labelle, S., Beaumier, D., Ouellette, D., Roy, R., Whyte, L.G., Banks, M.K., Schwab, P., Lee, K., Greer, C.W. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. A DNA marker for the duplicated cytosolic PGI genes in sheep's fescue (Festuca ovina L.). Ghatnekar, L., Bengtsson, B.O. Genet. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Molecular cloning and characterization of cDNAs encoding cinnamoyl CoA reductase (CCR) from barley (Hordeum vulgare) and potato (Solanum tuberosum). Larsen, K. J. Plant Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. Tasco-Forage: I. Influence of a seaweed extract on antioxidant activity in tall fescue and in ruminants. Fike, J.H., Allen, V.G., Schmidt, R.E., Zhang, X., Fontenot, J.P., Bagley, C.P., Ivy, R.L., Evans, R.R., Coelho, R.W., Wester, D.B. J. Anim. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  16. Transgenic tall fescue containing the Agrobacterium tumefaciens ipt gene shows enhanced cold tolerance. Hu, Y., Jia, W., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., Yang, L., Lin, Z. Plant Cell Rep. (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Low variability of internal transcribed spacer rDNA and trnL (UAA) intron sequences of several taxa in the Festuca ovina aggregate (POACEAE). Galli, Z., Penksza, K., Kiss, E., Sági, L., Heszky, L.E. Acta. Biol. Hung. (2006) [Pubmed]
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