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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
MeSH Review

Panicum

 
 
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Disease relevance of Panicum

  • The capsid protein of satellite Panicum mosaic virus contributes to systemic invasion and interacts with its helper virus [1].
  • Genetic identification of multiple biological roles associated with the capsid protein of satellite panicum mosaic virus [2].
  • The present study identifies additional biological activities of the SPMV CP, including the induction of severe chlorosis on proso millet plants (Panicum miliaceum cv. Sunup or Red Turghai) [2].
 

High impact information on Panicum

  • 3-Mercaptopicolinic acid specifically inhibits phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in leaves of the C4 plant Panicum maximum [3].
  • The effect of Mn2+/Mg2+ concentration on the activity of intact, homogeneous phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) from leaves of the C4 grass, Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), have been investigated [4].
  • In the C4 plant Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) is phosphorylated in darkened leaves and dephosphorylated in illuminated leaves [5].
  • The nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) significantly promoted germination of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L. cv Kanlow) in the light and in the dark at 25 degrees C, across a broad range of concentrations [6].
  • Isolation, characterization and expression of cDNA clones encoding a mitochondrial malate translocator from Panicum miliaceum L [7].
 

Biological context of Panicum

  • We have determined the nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding AlaAT-2, which is believed to function in the C4-pathway of Panicum miliaceum [8].
  • The rate of respiratory CO(2) evolution from the leaves of Zea mays, Panicum miliaceum, and Panicum maximum, representing NADP-ME, NAD-ME, and PEP-CK types of C(4) plants, respectively, was increased by approximately two to four times after a period of photosynthesis [9].
  • The area was seeded with erosion-control species Atlantic Coastal panic grass (Panicum amarum var amarum L.), sericea (Lespedeza cuneata var. appalow [Dumont] G. Don.) and weeping love grass (Eragrostis curvula Wolf.). Plant biomass and elemental composition were analyzed in sequential harvests [10].
  • Polypeptide compositions and NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of proteins in foxtail and proso millets [11].
 

Associations of Panicum with chemical compounds

  • Three cDNA clones that hybridize to a partial rice cDNA that show similarity to bovine mitochondrial 2-oxoglutarate/malate translocator were isolated from leaves of Panicum miliaceum L [7].
  • Panicum miliaceum has at least three isozymes of aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT); the cytosolic and mitochondrial isozymes (cAspAT and mAspAT) are major components and the third is a minor isozyme [12].
  • Three alanine aminotransferases, two minor (AlaAT-1, AlaAT-3) and one major (AlaAT-2), were detected by native gel electrophoresis of leaf extracts from Panicum miliaceum L [13].
  • Indian diets comprising staples such as cereals, millets, and pulses provide 4.8 energy % from linoleic acid (18:2n-6) but fail to deliver adequate amounts of n-3 FA [14].
  • Panicum virgatum, a native perennial C(4) grass, was the dominant species in all soil N treatments by year three, but the magnitude of its dominance was lowest in the reduced-N soil and highest in enriched-N soil [15].
 

Gene context of Panicum

 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Panicum

  • Beta-amylase (EC 3.2.1.2) was isolated from germinating millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) seeds by a procedure that included ammonium sulfate fractionation, chromatography on DEAE-cellulofine and CM-cellulofine, and preparative isoelectric focusing [18].
  • From 1998 to 2001, 216 ingredients intended for incorporation into chicken feed, which included groundnut cake, maize, millets, rice bran, sorghum, soybean, sunflower, and mixed feeds, were assayed for aflatoxins and ochratoxin A contamination using an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [19].

References

  1. The capsid protein of satellite Panicum mosaic virus contributes to systemic invasion and interacts with its helper virus. Omarov, R.T., Qi, D., Scholthof, K.B. J. Virol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Genetic identification of multiple biological roles associated with the capsid protein of satellite panicum mosaic virus. Qiu, W., Scholthof, K.B. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Inhibition of oxalacetate decarboxylation during C4 photosynthesis by 3-mercaptopicolin acid. Ray, T.B., Black, C.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1976) [Pubmed]
  4. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase assayed at physiological concentrations of metal ions has a high affinity for CO2. Chen, Z.H., Walker, R.P., Acheson, R.M., Leegood, R.C. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Effects of phosphorylation on phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase from the C4 plant Guinea grass. Walker, R.P., Chen, Z.H., Acheson, R.M., Leegood, R.C. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Nitric oxide accelerates seed germination in warm-season grasses. Sarath, G., Bethke, P.C., Jones, R., Baird, L.M., Hou, G., Mitchell, R.B. Planta (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Isolation, characterization and expression of cDNA clones encoding a mitochondrial malate translocator from Panicum miliaceum L. Taniguchi, M., Sugiyama, T. Plant Mol. Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Molecular cloning of an alanine aminotransferase from NAD-malic enzyme type C4 plant Panicum miliaceum. Son, D., Sugiyama, T. Plant Mol. Biol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Light-enhanced dark respiration in leaves, isolated cells and protoplasts of various types of C(4) plants. Parys, E., Jastrzebski, H. J. Plant Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  10. Restoration of drastically eroded land using coal fly ash and poultry biosolid. Punshon, T., Adriano, D.C., Weber, J.T. Sci. Total Environ. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Polypeptide compositions and NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of proteins in foxtail and proso millets. Kohama, K., Nagasawa, T., Nishizawa, N. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Aspartate aminotransferase isozymes in Panicum miliaceum L., an NAD-malic enzyme-type C4 plant: comparison of enzymatic properties primary structures, and expression patterns. Taniguchi, M., Kobe, A., Kato, M., Sugiyama, T. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1995) [Pubmed]
  13. Purification and characterization of alanine aminotransferase from Panicum miliaceum leaves. Son, D., Jo, J., Sugiyama, T. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1991) [Pubmed]
  14. Supplementation and delivery of n-3 fatty acids through spray-dried milk reduce serum and liver lipids in rats. Ramaprasad, T.R., Baskaran, V., Sambaiah, K., Lokesh, B.R. Lipids (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. Plant community responses to resource availability and heterogeneity during restoration. Baer, S.G., Blair, J.M., Collins, S.L., Knapp, A.K. Oecologia (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Structure of genes that encode isozymes of aspartate aminotransferase in Panicum miliaceum L., a C4 plant. Taniguchi, M., Mori, J., Sugiyama, T. Plant Mol. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Purification and characterization of an alpha-glucosidase from germinating millet seeds. Yamasaki, Y., Fujimoto, M., Kariya, J., Konno, H. Phytochemistry (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Beta-amylase in germinating millet seeds. Yamasaki, Y. Phytochemistry (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Occurrence of aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in Indian poultry feeds. Thirumala-Devi, K., Mayo, M.A., Reddy, G., Reddy, D.V. J. Food Prot. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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