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MeSH Review

Thymus Plant

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High impact information on Thymus Plant


Anatomical context of Thymus Plant

  • Azo dye-mediated regulation of total phenolics and peroxidase activity in thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) clonal lines [5].

Associations of Thymus Plant with chemical compounds

  • In contrast, thymol and p-cymene, the most abundant compounds in thyme leaves, showed big differences, with generally higher amounts of monoterpenes obtained by SDE [6].
  • AIMS: This study aims to bring some information about the mechanism of the fungicidal action of thymol and eugenol; phenolic major components of thyme and clove essential oils respectively [7].
  • The antioxidant activities of the extracts decreased in the following order in both of the lipophilic assay systems: thyme > basil > rosemary > chamomile > lavender and cinnamon [8].
  • At a concentration of 50 microg/mL, thyme extract was similar in antioxidant activity to BHT and alpha-tocopherol in the conjugated diene assay [8].
  • However, incorporation of thyme oil and trans-cinnamaldehyde reduced the acceptability scores for taste and odor [9].

Gene context of Thymus Plant

  • Totally, 61 constituents were identified in thyme essential oil by capillary GC and GC-MS [10].
  • Dietary administration of 2% thyme caused slightly but significantly higher ECOD, GST, and QR activities by 1.1-1.4-fold [11].
  • The effects of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) leaves and its phenolic compounds, thymol and carvacrol, on the activities of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, i.e., phase I enzymes such as 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) and phase II enzymes such as glutathione S-transferase (GST) and quinone reductase (QR), were investigated [11].
  • Spectrophotometric determination of certain volatile oils. Part 1: Assay for phenols in volatile oils of clove and thyme [12].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Thymus Plant

  • Acidic polysaccharide (TV-3-IIIA-IIa) purified from the hot-water extract of thyme leaves by DEAE-Toyopearl 650C, Butyl-Toyopearl 650M and Sepharose CL-6B column chromatography and preparative HPLC [13].


  1. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Zava, D.T., Dollbaum, C.M., Blen, M. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Dietary antioxidant compounds and liver health. Vitaglione, P., Morisco, F., Caporaso, N., Fogliano, V. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Purification and characterization of the monoterpene cyclase gamma-terpinene synthase from Thymus vulgaris. Alonso, W.R., Croteau, R. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Antioxidant potential of thymol determined by chemiluminescence inhibition in human neutrophils and cell-free systems. Braga, P.C., Dal Sasso, M., Culici, M., Galastri, L., Marceca, M.T., Guffanti, E.E. Pharmacology (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Azo dye-mediated regulation of total phenolics and peroxidase activity in thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) clonal lines. Zheng, Z., Shetty, K. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Volatile components and key odorants of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Díaz-Maroto, M.C., Díaz-Maroto Hidalgo, I.J., Sánchez-Palomo, E., Pérez-Coello, M.S. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Surface alteration of Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced by thymol and eugenol. Bennis, S., Chami, F., Chami, N., Bouchikhi, T., Remmal, A. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Determination of antioxidant potential of volatile extracts isolated from various herbs and spices. Lee, K.G., Shibamoto, T. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Combined effect of antimicrobial coating and gamma irradiation on shelf life extension of pre-cooked shrimp (Penaeus spp.). Ouattara, B., Sabato, S.F., Lacroix, M. Int. J. Food Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris). Baranauskiene, R., Venskutonis, P.R., Viskelis, P., Dambrauskiene, E. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) leaves and its constituents increase the activities of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in mouse liver. Sasaki, K., Wada, K., Tanaka, Y., Yoshimura, T., Matuoka, K., Anno, T. Journal of medicinal food. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Spectrophotometric determination of certain volatile oils. Part 1: Assay for phenols in volatile oils of clove and thyme. El-Sayed, M.A., Mohamed, Y.A., Abdelsalam, N.A. Die Pharmazie. (1976) [Pubmed]
  13. Purification and biological activity of acidic polysaccharide from leaves of Thymus vulgaris L. Chun, H., Shin, D.H., Hong, B.S., Cho, H.Y., Yang, H.C. Biol. Pharm. Bull. (2001) [Pubmed]
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