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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IL-1beta-induced apoptosis in rat gastric enterochromaffin-like cells is mediated by iNOS, NF-kappaB, and Bax protein.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells are histamine-containing endocrine cells in the gastric mucosa. Previous studies have shown that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta present during chronic gastritis inhibits histamine synthesis in ECL cells and leads to sustained functional impairment. This study investigated the effects of IL-1beta on ECL cell apoptosis and the related signal-transduction mechanisms. METHODS: ECL cells were isolated by pronase digestion and a combination of elutriation, gradient centrifugation, and 48-hour culture (purity >/=90%). Apoptosis was measured by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling reaction and cell death detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: IL-1beta (100 pg/mL) increased the rate of programmed cell death 2-3 fold in ECL cells after 24 hours of incubation (total of 12%-14%). This effect was completely inhibited by the NF-kappaB inhibitor, proteasome inhibitor I, and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (iNOS) N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (10(-4) mol/L), but not by the caspase 3 inhibitor, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CHO. Western blot analysis, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and in situ PCR showed that IL-1beta induced gene expression (after 2-4 hours) and protein synthesis (6-18 hours) of the iNOS isoform in ECL cells. Bax protein expression was increased in response to IL-1beta. In contrast, bcl-2 gene expression was increased in response to basic fibroblast growth factor, which has been shown to counteract IL-1beta- induced apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that IL-1beta induces programmed cell death in isolated rat ECL cells via activation of NF-kappaB, iNOS, and the Bax protein.[1]


  1. IL-1beta-induced apoptosis in rat gastric enterochromaffin-like cells is mediated by iNOS, NF-kappaB, and Bax protein. Mahr, S., Neumayer, N., Gerhard, M., Classen, M., Prinz, C. Gastroenterology (2000) [Pubmed]
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