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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 is essential in the induction of contact hypersensitivity.

Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) is thought to be mainly associated with the activation of T helper type 1 (Th1) cells. However, there is also evidence that Th2 cells or Th2 cytokines play a role in the development of CHS. To analyze the functional contribution of Th2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6)-deficient (STAT6(-/)-) and wild-type (wt) control C57BL/6 mice were contact sensitized with 5% 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB), 0.5% 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene, or 5% 4-ethoxyl methylene-2-phenyl-2-oxazolin-5-one, and any skin reactions were examined. Ear swelling was significantly reduced with a delayed peak response in STAT6(-/)- mice compared with wt mice.A histological analysis revealed that the infiltration of both eosinophils and neutrophils in the skin challenged after 24 h in STAT6(-/)- mice decreased substantially compared with that in wt mice. The expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5) in TNCB-challenged skin tissues and the supernatants from T cells stimulated by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonate-modified spleen cells, as well as the immunoglobulin (Ig)E and IgG1 response after challenge, were also profoundly reduced in STAT6(-/)- mice, whereas the expression of interferon gamma was the same in STAT6(-/)- and wt mice after challenge. Furthermore, adoptive transfer experiments revealed that STAT6(-/)- mice induced CHS after injection of lymph node cells obtained from sensitized wt mice. Our data suggest that the STAT6 signal plays a critical role in the induction phase of CHS.[1]


  1. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 is essential in the induction of contact hypersensitivity. Yokozeki, H., Ghoreishi, M., Takagawa, S., Takayama, K., Satoh, T., Katayama, I., Takeda, K., Akira, S., Nishioka, K. J. Exp. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
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