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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of TSG-14 expression in murine fibroblasts and peritoneal macrophages.

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated gene 14 (TSG-14, also termed PTX3) encodes a secreted glycoprotein whose carboxy-terminal half shares sequence similarity with the pentraxin family of acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid P component). We compared TSG-14 mRNA expression in cultures of murine BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts and thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages. TNF and interleukin-1 (IL-1) potently induced TSG-14 expression in 3T3 fibroblasts but not in peritoneal macrophages. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicited TSG-14 expression in both cell types, but induction in 3T3 cells and macrophages showed several distinct characteristics. Whereas in 3T3 fibroblasts TSG-14 mRNA was rapidly up-regulated by LPS, expression in macrophages was substantially delayed. Furthermore, cycloheximide greatly reduced LPS-induced TSG-14 mRNA up-regulation in macrophages but not in 3T3 cells. Finally, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; but not IFN-alpha/beta) inhibited LPS-induced TSG-14 expression in macrophages and not in 3T3 fibroblasts. The antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate inhibited LPS- induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and TSG-14 expression in macrophages. In contrast, IFN-gamma did not inhibit NF-kappaB function as measured by IkappaB-alpha and IkappaB-beta degradation, IkappaB-alpha resynthesis, or electrophoretic mobility shift analysis. Inhibition of LPS-induced TSG-14 mRNA expression by IFN-gamma in macrophages was also observed in the presence of cycloheximide and in cells from STAT1 null mice, suggesting that IFN-gamma inhibits TSG-14 expression through an unconventional mechanism.[1]


  1. Differential regulation of TSG-14 expression in murine fibroblasts and peritoneal macrophages. Goodman, A.R., Levy, D.E., Reis, L.F., Vilcek, J. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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