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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human uroplakin Ib in ocular surface epithelium.

PURPOSE: To investigate the expression and localization of the human gene encoding uroplakin Ib in ocular surface epithelium. METHODS: The full-length cDNA of human uroplakin Ib was isolated from a cDNA library of human corneal epithelium, and the expression of uroplakin Ib in various tissues was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In cornea and conjunctiva, the expressions of uroplakin Ia, II, and III were also examined by RT-PCR. Finally, the localization of uroplakin Ib in the ocular surface was analyzed by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy, by using an antiserum against a synthetic peptide. RESULTS: Two mRNA isoforms, arising through two polyadenylation sites, were isolated. RT-PCR detected uroplakin Ib in cornea, conjunctiva, bladder, placenta, and kidney. Among other uroplakins, uroplakin II was also faintly detected in cornea and conjunctiva. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy documented uroplakin Ib protein in the cell membranes of superficial and wing cells in the corneal epithelium. It was not found, however, in the most apical corneal epithelial cells. In limbus and conjunctiva, uroplakin Ib was also localized in the cell membranes of all epithelial layers, apart from the most apical cells. CONCLUSIONS: Uroplakin Ib is highly expressed in ocular surface epithelia. As in bladder epithelium, uroplakin Ib may protect the ocular surface from bacterial infection.[1]


  1. Human uroplakin Ib in ocular surface epithelium. Adachi, W., Okubo, K., Kinoshita, S. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
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