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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and functional analysis of the promoter region of rat nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B gene.

Rat nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B (r-nmMHC-B) mRNA was previously found downregulated in Rat 6 fibroblasts transformed by mutant p53(val135) [J. W. P. Yam, J. Y. Zheng, and W. L. W. Hsiao (1987) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 266, 472-480]. Overexpression of exogenous r-nmMHC-B could partially reverse the transforming phenotypes both in vitro and in vivo. The downregulation of r-nmMHC-B was also observed in Rat 6 transformed by c-H-ras and v-myc oncogenes. We cloned a 5.2-kb r-nmMHC-B promoter region. Sequence analysis of -1248 to +1 revealed no TATA box, but did show that it contained CAAT boxes, E12/E47, MyoD, MEF, E2F, CREB, and SP1 binding sites. Based on transient reporter assays, the promoter/enhancer activities were unusually extended to the entire 5.2 kb region in normal Rat 6 cultures, but markedly suppressed in p53(val135)-, and c-H-ras-transformed cells. The activity detected by the reporter assay corresponded to levels of mRNA as analyzed previously by Northern blots in each respective cell line. Thus, the switch-off of the r-nmMHC-B in the transformed cells is very likely controlled by upstream transcriptional factors, which might have been altered in the course of neoplastic transformation.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning and functional analysis of the promoter region of rat nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B gene. Yam, J.W., Chan, K.W., Li, N., Hsiao, W.L. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2000) [Pubmed]
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