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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of chemokines and formyl peptides in pneumococcal pneumonia-induced monocyte/macrophage recruitment.

Host-derived chemoattractant factors are suggested to play crucial roles in leukocyte recruitment elicited by inflammatory stimuli in vitro and in vivo. However, in the case of acute bacterial infections, pathogen-derived chemoattractant factors are also present, and it has not yet been clarified how cross-talk between chemoattractant receptors orchestrates diapedesis of leukocytes in this context of complex chemoattractant arrays. To investigate the role of chemokine (host-derived) and formyl peptide (pathogen-derived) chemoattractants in leukocyte extravasation in life-threatening infectious diseases, we used a mouse model of pneumococcal pneumonia. We found an increase in mRNA expression of eight chemokines (RANTES, macrophage-inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP-1beta, MIP-2, IP-10, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, T cell activation 3, and KC) within the lungs during the course of infection. KC and MIP-2 protein expression closely preceded pulmonary neutrophil recruitment, whereas MCP-1 protein production coincided more closely than MIP-1alpha with the kinetics of macrophage infiltration. In situ hybridization of MCP-1 mRNA suggested that MCP-1 expression started at peribronchovascular regions and expanded to alveoli-facing epithelial cells and infiltrated macrophages. Interestingly, administration of a neutralizing Ab against MCP-1, RANTES, or MIP-1alpha alone did not prevent macrophage infiltration into infected alveoli, whereas combination of the three Abs significantly reduced macrophage infiltration without affecting neutrophil recruitment. The use of an antagonist to N-formyl peptides, N-t-Boc-Phe-D-Leu-Phe-D-Leu-Phe, reduced both macrophages and neutrophils significantly. These data demonstrate that a complex chemokine network is activated in response to pulmonary pneumococcal infection, and also suggest an important role for fMLP receptor in monocyte/macrophage recruitment in that model.[1]


  1. Role of chemokines and formyl peptides in pneumococcal pneumonia-induced monocyte/macrophage recruitment. Fillion, I., Ouellet, N., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Sato, S., Bergeron, M.G. J. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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