The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bioenergetic responses of Synechocystis 6803 fatty acid desaturase mutants at low temperatures.

Fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids in the mesophilic cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was altered in earlier work by targeted mutagenesis of genes for fatty acid desaturases. In this work, cells of several mutant strains, depleted in the unsaturated fatty acids in membrane lipids, were grown at 34 degrees C. Spheroplasts (permeabilized cells) were prepared by lysozyme digestion of the cell wall followed by gentle osmotic shock. The bioenergetic parameters ATP formation, electron transport, and H+ uptake were measured at various temperatures. All three bioenergetic parameters for spheroplasts from wild-type cells (which had abundant polyunsaturated fatty acids) were active down to the lowest temperatures used (1 degrees - 2 degrees C). In two strains, which lacked the capacity to desaturate fatty acids at the A 12 position and at the A 12 and A6 positions (designated as desA- and desA-/desD-, respectively), the spheroplasts lost the capacity to form ATP (measured as phenazine methosulfate cyclic phosphorylation) at about 5 degrees C but retained electron transport (water oxidation-dependent ferricyanide reduction) and H+ uptake linked to phenazine methosulfate cyclic electron transport. It appears that the absence of the unsaturation of fatty acids in the A 12 and A6 positions blocks the ability of the photosynthetic membranes to couple a bioenergetically competent proton-motive force to the ATP formation mechanism at temperatures below 5 degrees C. It remains to be determined whether the loss of ATP formation in the mutant strains is the failure of available protons to properly flow into the CF0CF1-ATP synthase or a failure in the CF1 part of the complex in coupling the dissipative H+ flow to the enzyme mechanism of the synthase.[1]


  1. Bioenergetic responses of Synechocystis 6803 fatty acid desaturase mutants at low temperatures. Dilley, R.A., Nishiyama, Y., Gombos, Z., Murata, N. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities