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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional role of protein kinase B/Akt in gastric acid secretion.

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates gastric acid secretion and H(+)/K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit gene expression. Because EGF activates the serine-threonine protein kinase Akt, we explored the role of Akt in gastric acid secretion. Akt phosphorylation and activation were measured by kinase assays and by Western blots with an anti-phospho-Akt antibody, using lysates of purified (>95%) canine gastric parietal cells in primary culture. EGF induced Akt phosphorylation and activation, whereas carbachol had no effect. LY294002, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, completely blocked EGF induction of Akt phosphorylation, whereas the MEK1 inhibitor PD98059 and the protein kinase C inhibitor GF109203X had no effect. We examined the role of Akt in H(+)/K(+)-ATPase gene expression by Northern blotting using a canine H(+)/K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit cDNA probe. The parietal cells were transduced with a multiplicity of infection of 100 of the adenoviral vector Ad.Myr-Akt, which overexpresses a constitutively active Akt gene, or with the control vector Ad.CMV-beta-gal, which expresses beta-galactosidase. Ad.Myr-Akt induced H(+)/K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit gene expression 3-fold, whereas it failed to stimulate the gene cyclooxygenase-2, which was potently induced by carbachol in the same parietal cells. Ad.Myr-Akt induced aminopyrine uptake 4-fold, and it potentiated the stimulatory action of carbachol 3-fold. In contrast, Ad.Myr-Akt failed to induce changes in either parietal cell actin content, measured by Western blots with an anti-actin antibody or in the organization of the actin cellular cytoskeleton, visualized by fluorescein phalloidin staining and confocal microscopy. Transduction of the parietal cells with a multiplicity of infection of 100 of the adenoviral vector Ad.dom.neg.Akt, which overexpresses an inhibitor of Akt, blocked the stimulatory effect of EGF on both aminopyrine uptake and H(+)/K(+)-ATPase production, measured by Western blots with an anti-H(+)/K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit antibody. Thus, EGF induces a cascade of events in the parietal cells that results in the activation of Akt. The functional role of Akt appears to be stimulation of gastric acid secretion through induction of H(+)/K(+)-ATPase expression.[1]


  1. Functional role of protein kinase B/Akt in gastric acid secretion. Todisco, A., Pausawasdi, N., Ramamoorthy, S., Del Valle, J., Van Dyke, R.W., Askari, F.K. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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