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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deficient cytochrome b5 reductase activity in nontoxic goiter with iodide organification defect.

A 37-yr-old woman with nontoxic goiter is presented. The thyroid 131I uptake at 3 and 24 hr were, respectively, 77.1% and 81.4% dose. Thiocyanate discharged 65.5% of the accumulated 131I in 30 min. In vitro organification of iodine in the thyroid homogenate from the patient was impaired and it was restored to normal by the addition of H2O2, glucose, and glucose oxidase system, FAD, or reduced cytochrome b5. Riboflavin, FMN, oxidized cytochrome b5, oxidized or reduced cytochrome c, NAD(H), and NADP(H) were ineffective in the reaction. The microsomal NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase activity was definitely low in the patient's thyroid. It was augmented to a normal level by incubation of the microsomes with FAD for 30 min or more. The activities of thyroid peroxidase, G6-PD, 6-PGD, catalase, protease, and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase were within normal limits. The major thyroid protein was normal thyroglobulin which could be readily iodinated in the presence of H2O2 and horse radish peroxidase. These findings suggest the correlation of an iodide organification defect with a cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency. Administration of high doses of FAD led to the restoration of thyroidal iodide organification mechanism associated with an increased thyroid hormone production and to a marked decrease of the goiter. Riboflavin was given without effect even at a high dosage level. Consequently, it seems likely that the deficient cytochrome b5 reductase activity in this patient is due to a defect in the biosynthesis of FAD, the coenzyme of the reductase, from riboflavin.[1]


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