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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Contractile responses of smooth muscle cells differentiated from rat neural stem cells.

To characterize the functional differentiation of neural stem cells into smooth muscle cells, multipotent stem cells in the central nervous system (CNS) were isolated from rat embryonic day 14 (E14) cortex and cultured by neurosphere formation in serum-free medium in the presence of 10 ng ml(-1) of basic fibroblast growth factor. Differentiation was induced by the addition of 10 % fetal bovine serum to low-density cultures (2.5 x 10(3) cells cm(-2)). Immunological analyses and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction indicated that the differentiated cells expressed smooth-muscle-specific marker proteins such as SM-1, SM-2, and SMemb myosin heavy chains, SM-22, basic calponin and alpha-smooth-muscle actin, but not the astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein. To examine whether smooth-muscle-like cells that are differentiated from CNS stem cells possess the characteristics of contractile smooth muscle, we prepared reconstituted collagen gel fibres and measured their contractile tension. The reconstituted fibres were prepared by thermal gelation of collagen and the differentiated cells. The fibres contracted in response to treatment with KCl (80 mM), ACh (100 microM), endothelin-1 (10 nM), endothelin-2 (10 nM), and prostaglandin F2alpha (100 microM). ACh-induced contraction was partially inhibited by the L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel inhibitor nifedipine and by the intracellular Ca(2+) chelator 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid acetoxymethyl ester, the myosin light chain kinase inhibitor ML-9, the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632, dibutyryl cAMP and 8-bromo-cGMP. These results suggest that CNS stem cells give rise to smooth muscle cells in vitro that have an identical contractile function to smooth muscle in vivo.[1]

References

  1. Contractile responses of smooth muscle cells differentiated from rat neural stem cells. Oishi, K., Ogawa, Y., Gamoh, S., Uchida, M.K. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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