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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analysis of apoptotic and antiapoptotic signalling pathways induced by Helicobacter pylori.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it is reported that Helicobacter pylori induces apoptosis on gastric epithelial cells, the mechanism remains unknown. Antiapoptotic effects generated by H pylori have not yet been evaluated. METHODS: (1) H pylori strains (type 1 wild, TN2-DeltacagE, TN2-DeltavacA) were cocultured with MKN45, TMK1, and HeLa cells, and cell viability and apoptosis were assessed by trypan blue exclusion and DNA laddering, respectively. (2) Activation of caspases-3, 7, and 8, cytochrome c release from the mitochondria, and Fas, Fas associated death domain protein (FADD), Bax, Bak, and Bcl-X expression were evaluated by immunoblot analysis. (3) To investigate whether nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) activation induced by cag pathogenicity island (PAI) positive H pylori affects antiapoptosis, MKN45 cells stably expressing super-repressor Ikappabetaalpha were cocultured with H pylori, and cell viability and caspase activation were evaluated. NFkappaB regulated gene expression was also evaluated by ribonuclease protection assay. RESULTS: (1) Wild-type and DeltavacA mutant H pylori induced apoptosis more potently than the DeltacagE mutant. Inhibition of cell contact between H pylori and cancer cells and heat killing H pylori diminished cell death. (2) Caspases-3, 7, and 8 were activated time dependently by H pylori as well as by the agonist anti-Fas. Cytochrome c release from mitochondria was observed and was not inhibited by caspase-8 inhibitor. Although protein expression of Fas, FADD, Bax, Bak, and Bcl-X in the whole cell lysates was not changed by H pylori, Bax was decreased from mitochondria free cytosol suggesting that Bax was translocated into mitochondria. (3) Cell death and the activities of caspases-3 and 8 were promoted in MKN45 cells stably expressing super-repressor Ikappabetaalpha that inhibits NFkappaB activation. Antiapoptotic proteins c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 were upregulated by the wild-type strains. CONCLUSION: cag PAI positive H pylori is capable of inducing apoptotic effects mainly through the mitochondrial pathway. Antiapoptotic effects mediated by NFkappaB activation were also observed.[1]


  1. Analysis of apoptotic and antiapoptotic signalling pathways induced by Helicobacter pylori. Maeda, S., Yoshida, H., Mitsuno, Y., Hirata, Y., Ogura, K., Shiratori, Y., Omata, M. Gut (2002) [Pubmed]
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