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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased pulmonary prostacyclin synthesis in rats with chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension.

OBJECTIVE: The regulation of pulmonary prostacyclin synthesis is not completely understood. We tested the hypothesis that prostacyclin production is predominantly stimulated by hemodynamic factors, such as increased shear-stress, and is thus increased in rats with chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: To this end, we determined pulmonary prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) gene expression, circulating levels of the stable prostacyclin metabolite 6-keto prostaglandin F(1alpha) (6-keto-PGF(1alpha)), pulmonary endothelin (ET)-1 gene expression, and ET-1 plasma levels in rats exposed to 4 weeks of hypoxia (10% O(2)) in the presence or absence of either the nitric oxide (NO) donor molsidomine (MD, 15 mg/kg/day) or the ET-A receptor antagonist LU135252 (LU, 50 mg/kg/day). RESULTS: Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), the cross-sectional medial vascular wall area of pulmonary arteries, and ET-1 production increased significantly during hypoxia. PGIS mRNA levels increased 1.7-fold, and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) plasma levels rose from 8.2+/-0.8 to 12.2+/-2.2 ng/ml during hypoxia (each P<0.05 vs. normoxic controls). MD and LU reduced RVSP and pulmonary vascular remodeling similarly (each P<0.05 vs. hypoxia), but only MD inhibited pulmonary ET-1 formation (P<0.05 vs. hypoxia). Nevertheless, both drugs attenuated the increase in PGIS gene expression and plasma 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) levels (each P<0.05 vs. hypoxia). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that prostacyclin production in hypertensive rat lungs is predominantly increased by hemodynamic factors while hypoxia, NO and ET-1 per are less important stimuli, and that this increase may serve as a compensatory mechanism to partially negate the hypoxia-induced elevation in pulmonary vascular tone.[1]


  1. Increased pulmonary prostacyclin synthesis in rats with chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Blumberg, F.C., Lorenz, C., Wolf, K., Sandner, P., Riegger, G.A., Pfeifer, M. Cardiovasc. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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