The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genes for calcium-permeable channels in the plasma membrane of plant root cells.

In plant cells, Ca(2+) is required for both structural and biophysical roles. In addition, changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) orchestrate responses to developmental and environmental signals. In many instances, [Ca(2+)](cyt) is increased by Ca(2+) influx across the plasma membrane through ion channels. Although the electrophysiological and biochemical characteristics of Ca(2+)-permeable channels in the plasma membrane of plant cells are well known, genes encoding putative Ca(2+)-permeable channels have only recently been identified. By comparing the tissue expression patterns and electrophysiology of Ca(2+)-permeable channels in the plasma membrane of root cells with those of genes encoding candidate plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels, the genetic counterparts of specific Ca(2+)-permeable channels can be deduced. Sequence homologies and the physiology of transgenic antisense plants suggest that the Arabidopsis AtTPC1 gene encodes a depolarisation-activated Ca(2+) channel. Members of the annexin gene family are likely to encode hyperpolarisation-activated Ca(2+) channels, based on their corresponding occurrence in secretory or elongating root cells, their inhibition by La(3+) and nifedipine, and their increased activity as [Ca(2+)](cyt) is raised. Based on their electrophysiology and tissue expression patterns, AtSKOR encodes a depolarisation- activated outward-rectifying (Ca(2+)-permeable) K(+) channel (KORC) in stelar cells and AtGORK is likely to encode a KORC in the plasma membrane of other Arabidopsis root cells. Two candidate gene families, of cyclic-nucleotide gated channels (CNGC) and ionotropic glutamate receptor ( GLR) homologues, are proposed as the genetic correlates of voltage-independent cation (VIC) channels.[1]


  1. Genes for calcium-permeable channels in the plasma membrane of plant root cells. White, P.J., Bowen, H.C., Demidchik, V., Nichols, C., Davies, J.M. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities