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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y5 receptor-mediated obesity in mice: chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of D-Trp(34)NPY.

To clarify the role of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y5 receptor subtype in energy homeostasis, the effect of the intracerebroventricular infusion of a selective Y5 agonist, D-Trp(34)NPY, was investigated in C57BL/6J mice. Intracerebroventricular infusion of D-Trp(34)NPY (5 and 10 microg/d) produced hyperphagia and body weight gain, accompanied by increased adipose tissue weight, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperleptinemia. Oral administration of a selective Y5 antagonist at a dose of 100 mg/kg twice a day completely suppressed all of these D-Trp(34)NPY-induced changes, indicating that chronic activation of the Y5 receptor produces hyperphagia and obesity. In addition, D-Trp(34)NPY still resulted in an increase in adipose tissue weight accompanied by hyperleptinemia and hypercholesterolemia, although D-Trp(34)NPY-induced food intake was restricted by pair-feeding. Under the pair-fed condition, D-Trp(34)NPY decreased hormone-sensitive lipase activity in white adipose tissue and uncoupling protein-1 mRNA expression in brown adipose tissue. These findings indicate that Y5-mediated obesity may involve metabolic changes, such as decreased lipolysis and thermogenesis, as well as hyperphagia. Therefore, the Y5 receptor can play a key role in regulating energy homeostasis.[1]


  1. Characterization of neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y5 receptor-mediated obesity in mice: chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of D-Trp(34)NPY. Mashiko, S., Ishihara, A., Iwaasa, H., Sano, H., Oda, Z., Ito, J., Yumoto, M., Okawa, M., Suzuki, J., Fukuroda, T., Jitsuoka, M., Morin, N.R., MacNeil, D.J., Van der Ploeg, L.H., Ihara, M., Fukami, T., Kanatani, A. Endocrinology (2003) [Pubmed]
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