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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunocytochemical localization of DJ-1 in human male reproductive tissue.

DJ-1 was identified as an activated ras-dependent oncogene product, and was also found to be an infertility-related protein (contraception-associated protein 1; CAP 1) that was reduced in rat spermatozoa treated with ornidazole, one of the endocrine disrupting substances that causes reversible infertility in rats. CAP 1 is present in spermatozoa but is not detectable in the epididymal fluid of fertile rats and appears to be shed from sperm during treatment with ornidazole. To determine the functions of DJ-1 in the human reproductive system as a target protein of endocrine active substances, we identified the localization of DJ-1 in human testis, epididymis, ejaculated spermatozoa, and seminal plasma. DJ-1 was present in cells existing in the seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells. Some strong expressions were observed in Leydig cells and Sertoli cells, suggesting a relation with spermatogenesis via androgen receptor (AR). In ejaculated spermatozoa, DJ-1 existed on the surface of the posterior part of head and the anterior part of the midpiece. DJ-1 was also present on sperm flagella when the antibody penetrated the plasma membrane, suggesting that there are two putative roles in fertilization, one is binding to the egg, and the other is flagella movement. In contrast to previous findings, we detected DJ-1 in seminal plasma of fertile men. These results demonstrate that DJ-1 in human seminal plasma is not only from spermatozoa but also from the testis and epididymis. It is suggested that DJ-1 may play an important and as yet uncharacterized role in spermatogenesis and fertilization in humans.[1]


  1. Immunocytochemical localization of DJ-1 in human male reproductive tissue. Yoshida, K., Sato, Y., Yoshiike, M., Nozawa, S., Ariga, H., Iwamoto, T. Mol. Reprod. Dev. (2003) [Pubmed]
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