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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Relation between arterial hypoxemia and plasma eicosanoids in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Pulmonary hypertension is a major source of morbidity and mortality in infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Increased pulmonary vascular resistance leads to right-to-left shunting, which is evident as decreases in the PaO2 measured in postductal arterial blood. Thromboxane A2 (TXA2), a vasoconstrictor, and prostacyclin (prostaglandin I2, PGI2), a vasodilator, have been studied as possible mediators of pulmonary hypertension in certain conditions of the newborn, including congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The goal of our study was to determine the association of TXA2 and PGI2 levels with hypoxemia in infants born with CDH. Eleven newborn infants with severe respiratory insufficiency (birth weight 2.0-4.1 kg; gestational age 32-42 weeks) were studied 0-5 days after surgical repair of CDH. Umbilical artery samples were collected for arterial blood gas determinations and radioimmunoassay of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha), stable metabolites of TXA2 and PGI2, respectively. Postductal arterial hypoxemia (reflected by a low a-A ratio, the ratio of oxygen tension in arterial blood to that in the alveolus) was associated with increases in TXB2 (r = -0.71, P = 0.004) and 6-keto-PGF1 (r = -0.65, P = 0.017). The a-A ratio also correlated inversely with TXB2/6-keto-PGF1 alpha (r = -0.50, P = 0.01), suggesting an increased influence of the vasoconstrictor TXA2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Relation between arterial hypoxemia and plasma eicosanoids in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Nakayama, D.K., Motoyama, E.K., Evans, R., Hannakan, C. J. Surg. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
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