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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The tumor suppressor hSNF5/INI1 modulates cell growth and actin cytoskeleton organization.

hSNF5/INI1, which encodes a component of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling hSWI-SNF complex, is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in malignant rhabdoid tumors. We have developed a tetracycline-based hSNF5/INI1-inducible system in a hSNF5/INI1-deficient malignant rhabdoid tumor cell line and studied time course variation of 22,000 genes/expressed sequence tags upon hSNF5/INI1 induction. A total of 482 responsive genes were identified and further clustered into 9 groups of coregulated genes. Among genes with early and strong inductions, the use of a fusion protein with the hormone-binding domain of the estrogen receptor enabled the identification of a subset of direct targets regulated independently of de novo protein synthesis. We show that the G(1) arrest induced by hSNF5/INI1 is reversible and associated with the down-regulation of components of the DNA replication complex. We also identify an unsuspected role of hSNF5/INI1 in cytoskeleton organization. Indeed, induction of hSNF5/INI1 induces dramatic modifications of the cell shape including complete disruption of the actin stress fiber network and disappearance of focal adhesions associated with up-regulation of genes involved in the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. We document a strong decrease of Rho activity upon hSNF5/INI1 expression, suggesting that the regulation of this activity constitutes a crucial step of the hSNF5/INI1-induced reorganization of the actin network. This study identifies hSNF5/INI1 target genes and provides evidence that hSNF5/INI1 may modulate the cell cycle control and cytoskeleton organization through the regulation of the retinoblastoma protein-E2F and Rho pathways.[1]


  1. The tumor suppressor hSNF5/INI1 modulates cell growth and actin cytoskeleton organization. Medjkane, S., Novikov, E., Versteege, I., Delattre, O. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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