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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced neutrophil extravasation and rapid progression of proteoglycan-induced arthritis in TSG-6-knockout mice.

OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the mechanisms of the antiinflammatory effect of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)- induced protein 6 (Tnfip6) in arthritis, using Tnfip6-deficient animals. METHODS: TNFalpha-stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6) coding for Tnfip6 was disrupted. Tnfip6-deficient mice were backcrossed into proteoglycan-induced arthritis (PGIA)-susceptible BALB/c mice, and arthritis was induced by systemic immunization with cartilage proteoglycan (PG). Thioglycollate-induced sterile peritonitis was also assessed, to monitor the early events of neutrophil extravasation in wild-type and Tnfip6-deficient mice in the presence or absence of treatment with recombinant murine Tnfip6. RESULTS: The onset of PGIA was similar, but progression and severity were significantly greater, in Tnfip6-deficient mice compared with wild-type BALB/c mice. However, this was not associated with enhanced T or B cell responses to cartilage PGs, but rather, an early and more extensive infiltration of the synovium with neutrophil leukocytes was the most prominent histopathologic feature of PGIA in Tnfip6-deficient mice. This was accompanied by elevated serum levels of interleukin-6 and amyloid A, and significantly increased activities of the enzymes plasmin, myeloperoxidase, and neutrophil elastase in the inflamed paw joints of Tnfip6-null mice, when compared with that of the wild-type littermates. Loss of control over several components of inflammation resulted in extensive and rapid cartilage degradation, bone erosion, joint ankylosis, and deformities in Tnfip6-null animals. In support of the antiinflammatory effect of Tnfip6 via the inhibition of polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell efflux, neutrophil invasion during thioglycollate-induced peritonitis was 2-fold higher in Tnfip6-deficient animals than in wild-type animals, but was dramatically suppressed by intravenous injection of recombinant murine Tnfip6. CONCLUSION: Tnfip6 is a multifunctional antiinflammatory protein that is produced at the site of inflammation and can be retained by the hyaluronan-rich extracellular matrix. A major effect of Tnfip6 is the inhibition of the extravasation of PMN cells, predominantly neutrophils, into the site of inflammation, most likely via a CD44/hyaluronan/Tnfip6-mediated blocking mechanism.[1]


  1. Enhanced neutrophil extravasation and rapid progression of proteoglycan-induced arthritis in TSG-6-knockout mice. Szántó, S., Bárdos, T., Gál, I., Glant, T.T., Mikecz, K. Arthritis Rheum. (2004) [Pubmed]
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