The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A markedly diminished pleiotropic response to phenobarbital and structurally-related xenobiotics in Zucker rats in comparison with F344/NCr or DA rats.

Phenobarbital (PB) and certain structurally-related compounds induce a variety of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in many strains of rats. Thus, following administration of PB (300, 500 ppm), barbital (BB, 1500 ppm) or 5-ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin (EPH, 500 ppm), CYP2B1-mediated benzyloxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity and epoxide hydrolase activity were profoundly induced in female DA and F344/NCr rats. In contrast, outbred female lean and obese Zucker rats showed markedly reduced CYP2B1 responses (less than 15% and less than 5% of those observed in the female DA or F344/NCr rat) to PB (doses less than or equal to 300 ppm), BB (1500 ppm) or EPH (500 ppm). In parallel studies, profound increases in RNA levels coding for CYP2B1, glutathione S-transferases Ya/Yc (alpha subclass), or epoxide hydrolase were detected in the female F344/NCr rat following treatment with PB (300 ppm), BB (1500 ppm) or EPH (500 ppm). In contrast, lean Zucker rats showed a strong response only to the highest dose of PB (500 ppm), implying that the diminished response in the Zucker rats may occur at some pretranslational level. Similar studies with lower doses of PB, EPH or BB in male lean Zucker rats showed a decreased response, relative to that in male F344/NCr rats. However, this insensitivity was not as profound as that observed in the female Zucker rats. In fact, the response to PB-type inducers in male or female Zucker rats is probably most clearly explained as a shift of the dose-response curve sharply to the right (decreased responsiveness, compared to F344/NCr or DA rats of the same sex). This decreased responsiveness of female lean Zucker rats to induction of CYP2B1, relative to that of F344/NCr rats, was also observed with the structurally-diverse PB-type inducers clonazepam, clotrimazole and 2-hexanone. In contrast, the female Zucker rat (obese or lean) displayed a pronounced response to induction of CYP1A-mediated ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity by beta-naphthoflavone, a prototype inducer of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2. The Zucker rat would thus appear to represent a potentially exploitable genetic model for examining the mechanism of enzyme induction by the myriad xenobiotics which induce a PB-type response.[1]


  1. A markedly diminished pleiotropic response to phenobarbital and structurally-related xenobiotics in Zucker rats in comparison with F344/NCr or DA rats. Lubet, R.A., Nims, R.W., Dragnev, K.H., Jones, C.R., Diwan, B.A., Devor, D.E., Ward, J.M., Miller, M.S., Rice, J.M. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities