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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Associations between polymorphisms in the steroid 5-alpha reductase type II (SRD5A2) gene and benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer.

The prostate gland is an androgen-dependent, and polymorphisms in androgen synthesis gene steroid 5-alpha reductase type II (SRD5A2) may be associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. We evaluated the association between 3 polymorphisms in the SRD5A2 gene (2 single nucleotide polymorphism: alanine-49 to threonine [A49T] and valine-89 to leucine [V89L], and a (TA)n dinucleotide repeat in the 3' untranslated region), and BPH and prostate cancer within a multiethnic population. Men between 60 and 86 years of age were recruited from annual prostate cancer screening programs and from a large urology clinic. Unconditional logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). We genotyped 606 men (412 Hispanic, 98 Caucasian, 73 African-American, and 23 Asian), of whom 100 had prostate cancer, 393 had BPH (280 symptomatic and 113 asymptomatic), and 113 had normal prostates. Overall, the V89L variant was associated with prostate cancer; the OR for men with the leucine-leucine (LL) genotype compared to men with the valine-valine (VV) genotype was 4.47 (95% CI, 1.24-16.18). This association was stronger in Hispanics (OR=7.26; 95% CI: 1.49-35.47). Although V89L was nonsignificantly associated with BPH in overall population, BPH risk increased significantly with the number of L alleles in Hispanics (P for trend=0.03). Prostate cancer and BPH were not associated with the alanine-49 to threonine single nucleotide polymorphism and the (TA)n repeat. These results suggest that the SRD5A2 gene may play an important role in both BPH and prostate cancer.[1]


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