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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Luminal kidney and intestine SLC6 amino acid transporters of B0AT-cluster and their tissue distribution in Mus musculus.

The B degrees transport system mediates the Na(+)-driven uptake of a broad range of neutral amino acids into epithelial cells of small intestine and kidney proximal tubule. A corresponding transporter was identified in 2004 (A. Broer, K. Klingel, S. Kowalczuk, J. E. Rasko, J. Cavanaugh, and S. Broer. J Biol Chem 279: 24467-24476, 2004) within the SLC6 family and named B degrees AT1 (SLC6A19). A phylogenetically related transporter known as XT3 in human (SLC6A20) and XT3s1 in mouse was shown to function as an imino acid transporter, to localize also to kidney and small intestine and renamed SIT1 or Imino(B). Besides these two transporters with known functions, there are two other gene products belonging to the same phylogenetic B degrees AT-cluster, XT2 (SLC6A18) and rodent XT3 that are still "orphans." Quantitative real-time RT-PCR showed that the mRNAs of the four B degrees AT-cluster members are abundant in kidney, whereas only those of B degrees AT1 and XT3s1/SIT1 are elevated in small intestine. In brain, the XT3s1/SIT1 mRNA is more abundant than the other B degrees AT-cluster mRNAs. We show here by immunofluorescence that all four mouse B degrees AT-cluster transporters localize, with differential axial gradients, to the brush-border membrane of proximal kidney tubule and, with the possible exception of XT3, also of intestine. Deglycosylation and Western blotting of brush-border proteins demonstrated the glycosylation and confirmed the luminal localization of B degrees AT1, XT2, and XT3. In summary, this study shows the luminal brush-border localization of the Na(+)-dependent amino and imino acid transporters B degrees AT1 and XT3s1/SIT1 in kidney and intestine. It also shows that the structurally highly similar orphan transporters XT2 and XT3 have the same luminal but a slightly differing axial localization along the kidney proximal tubule.[1]


  1. Luminal kidney and intestine SLC6 amino acid transporters of B0AT-cluster and their tissue distribution in Mus musculus. Romeo, E., Dave, M.H., Bacic, D., Ristic, Z., Camargo, S.M., Loffing, J., Wagner, C.A., Verrey, F. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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