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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A Novel Deaminase Involved in Chloronitrobenzene and Nitrobenzene Degradation with Comamonas sp. Strain CNB-1.

Comamonas sp. strain CNB-1 degrades nitrobenzene and chloronitrobenzene via the intermediates 2-aminomuconate and 2-amino-5-chloromuconate, respectively. Deamination of these two compounds results in the release of ammonia, which is used as a source of nitrogen for bacterial growth. In this study, a novel deaminase was purified from Comamonas strain CNB-1, and the gene (cnbZ) encoding this enzyme was cloned. The N-terminal sequence and peptide fingerprints of this deaminase were determined, and BLAST searches revealed no match with significant similarity to any functionally characterized proteins. The purified deaminase is a monomer (30 kDa), and its V(max) values for 2-aminomuconate and 2-amino-5-chloromuconate were 147 mumol.min(-1).mg(-1) and 196 mumol.min(-1).mg(-1), respectively. Its catalytic products from 2-aminomuconate and 2-amino-5-chloromuconate were 2-hydroxymuconate and 2-hydroxy-5-chloromuconate, respectively, which are different from those previously reported for the deaminases of Pseudomonas species. In the catalytic mechanism proposed, the alpha-carbon and nitrogen atoms (of both 2-aminomuconate and 2-amino-5-chloromuconate) were simultaneously attacked by a hydroxyl group and a proton, respectively. Homologs of cnbZ were identified in the genomes of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, and Roseiflexus sp. strain RS-1; these genes were previously annotated as encoding hypothetical proteins of unknown function. It is concluded that CnbZ represents a novel enzyme that deaminates xenobiotic compounds and/or alpha-amino acids.[1]


  1. A Novel Deaminase Involved in Chloronitrobenzene and Nitrobenzene Degradation with Comamonas sp. Strain CNB-1. Liu, L., Wu, J.F., Ma, Y.F., Wang, S.Y., Zhao, G.P., Liu, S.J. J. Bacteriol. (2007) [Pubmed]
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