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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

SATB1 regulates SPARC expression in K562 cell line through binding to a specific sequence in the third intron.

Special AT-rich binding protein 1 (SATB1), a cell type-specific nuclear matrix attachment region (MAR) DNA-binding protein, tethers to a specific DNA sequence and regulates gene expression through chromatin remodeling and HDAC (histone deacetylase complex) recruitment. In this study, a SATB1 eukaryotic expression plasmid was transfected into the human erythroleukemia K562 cell line and individual clones that stably over-expressed the SATB1 protein were isolated. Microarray analysis revealed that hundreds of genes were either up- or down-regulated in the SATB1 over-expressing K562 cell lines. One of these was the extra-cellular matrix glycoprotein, SPARC (human secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine). siRNA knock-down of SATB1 also reduced SPARC expression, which was consistent with elevated SPARC levels in the SATB1 over-expressing cell line. Bioinformatics software Mat-inspector showed that a 17bp DNA sequence in the third intron of SPARC possessed a high potential for SATB1 binding; a finding confirmed by Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) with anti-SATB1 antibody. Our results show for the first time that forced-expression of SATB1 in K562 cells triggers SPARC up-regulation by binding to a 17bp DNA sequence in the third intron.[1]


  1. SATB1 regulates SPARC expression in K562 cell line through binding to a specific sequence in the third intron. Li, K., Cai, R., Dai, B.B., Zhang, X.Q., Wang, H.J., Ge, S.F., Xu, W.R., Lu, J. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2007) [Pubmed]
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