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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of a kallikrein-like T-kininogenase.

A T-kininogenase has been purified to homogeneity from rat submandibular gland extracts by DEAE-Sepharose chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis. The purified protein has an apparent Mr of 28,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and splits into heavy and light chains with Mr of 22,000 and 6,000 in the presence of dithiothreitol. It is an acidic glycoprotein with pI of 4.65-4.75. The carbohydrate moiety is located on the light chain and binds concanavalin A and wheat germ agglutinin. The active site serine residue of the heavy chain is labeled with [14C]diisopropylfluorophosphate and visualized by fluorography. NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of the light and heavy chains reveal 74-84% identity to rat tissue kallikrein, tonin, and other kallikrein-related enzymes. The enzyme cleaves T-kininogen to release T-kinin which was separated by high performance liquid chromatography on a reverse phase C18 column and identified by a kinin radioimmunoassay. Its T-kininogenase but not N-tosyl-L-arginine methyl ester esterase activity can be enhanced 10-fold in the presence of dithiothreitol. The esterolytic activity of the enzyme is inhibited by soybean trypsin inhibitor, aprotinin, leupeptin, and antipain; whereas lima bean and ovomucoid trypsin inhibitors stimulate its activity. The enzyme is localized at the granular convoluted tubule and striated duct cells in rat submandibular glands by immunohistochemistry. The results indicate that T-kininogenase belongs to the group of structurally similar yet distinct kallikrein-like serine proteases.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of a kallikrein-like T-kininogenase. Xiong, W., Chen, L.M., Chao, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
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