The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole as an inhibitor of tumor cell respiration.

The effect of t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA), a widely used food antioxidant additive, on the culture growth, oxygen consumption, and redox state of some electron carriers of intact TA3 and 786A ascites tumor cells has been studied. BHA inhibited culture growth and respiration of these two tumor cell lines, by inhibiting the electron flow through the respiratory chain. Experiments to determine its site of action showed that BHA did not inhibit noticeably the electron flow through cytochrome oxidase, due to the ability of N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine to bypass the BHA inhibition of the respiration. Electron flow through the ubiquinone-cytochrome b-c1 complex also was unaffected by BHA; in fact, BHA failed to inhibit the oxidation of duroquinol. Spectrophotometric experiments are in accordance with studies carried out using synthetic electron donors. The redox state of NAD(P)+, determined in steady-state conditions, changed to a more reduced level, and the redox states of ubiquinone, cytochrome b, cytochromes c + c1 and cytochromes a + a3 changed to a more oxidized level. These observations suggest that the electron transport in the tumor mitochondria was inhibited by BHA at the NADH-dehydrogenase-ubiquinone level (energy-conserving site 1). These findings could explain, in part, the cytotoxic effect of BHA.[1]


  1. t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole as an inhibitor of tumor cell respiration. Fones, E., Amigo, H., Gallegos, K., Guerrero, A., Ferreira, J. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities