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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selective inhibition of human neutrophil chemotaxis to N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine by sulfones.

The therapeutic efficacy of the sulfones, dapsone, and sulfoxone in neutrophilic dermatoses may be related to the effects of these drugs on neutrophil function. Therefore we determined whether neutrophil chemotactic migration to various chemoattractants could be inhibited by sulfones in vitro. The chemotactic responses of human neutrophils from healthy donors were tested by using N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (F-met-leu-phe), purified human C5a, and leukocyte-derived chemotactic factor (LDCF). Therapeutic concentrations of sulfones selectively inhibited neutrophil chemotaxis to F-met-leu-phe, but did not affect neutrophil chemotaxis to LDCF or C5a. Inhibition of neutrophil chemotaxis to F-met-leu-phe was induced by both dapsone and sulfoxone at a concentration of 10 micrograms/ml without affecting random migration, and the inhibition was reversed by washing the neutrophils. When dapsone- and sulfoxone-treated neutrophils (100 micrograms/ml) were stimulated with F-met-leu-phe, neutrophil superoxide generation was not inhibited. Sulfapyridine (10 micrograms/ml) also selectively inhibited neutrophil chemotaxis to F-met-leu-phe; however, sulfamethoxazole and sulfisoxazole did not affect chemotaxis. The inhibitory effects of dapsone, sulfoxone, and sulfapyridine could not be demonstrated with granulocytes from rabbits or guinea pigs nor with human monocytes. Experiments with radiolabeled dapsone showed rapid, nonspecific, and reversible binding of dapsone to human neutrophils. These data suggest that a mechanism of action of sulfones in neutrophilic dermatoses may be a selective inhibition of neutrophil migration to as yet undefined chemoattractants in the skin.[1]


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