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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensitivity changes of the perfused hindquarters' vasculature in rats with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.

1. Arachidonic acid (AA, 0.125-1.0 mg/kg) injected via the aorta into the autoperfused hindquarters caused dose-dependent increases in perfusion pressure. This effect was reduced after intravenous administration of the thromboxane receptor antagonist AH23848 (5 mg/kg) or indomethacin (5 mg/kg). 2. Responses to AA (0.125-1.0 mg/kg) were reduced markedly in the Krebs-perfused hindquarters when compared with those occurring in the blood-perfused preparation. 3. Doses of guanethidine (1 mg/kg) and pentacynium (1 mg/kg) blocking pressor responses to intravenous administration of the ganglion stimulants McN-A-343 and DMPP, respectively, did not affect responses to AA. 4. Constrictor responses to AA (0.5-1.0 mg/kg) in blood-perfused hindquarters were increased in 14 day alloxan-diabetic rats but those to the thromboxane A2-mimetic U46619 (0.5-8.0 micrograms/kg, i.a.) were reduced when compared with non-diabetic controls. 5. In 14 day alloxan-diabetic rats vasoconstrictor responses to noradrenaline and methoxamine were potentiated but those to 5-hydroxytryptamine were reduced compared with non-diabetic animals. 6. It is concluded that AA causes constriction in the blood-perfused hindquarters by release of a product of cyclo-oxygenase acting on thromboxane A2-receptors. A constituent of blood, perhaps the platelet, appears necessary for this effect. Conversion of AA to the constrictor metabolite is augmented during experimentally induced diabetes.[1]


  1. Sensitivity changes of the perfused hindquarters' vasculature in rats with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus. Boura, A.L., Hodgson, W.C., King, R.G. Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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