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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of estrogen on food intake, body weight, and temperature of male and female obese mice.

Estradiol benzoate (EB) treatment of male and female C57BL/6J ob/ ob mice for 32 days led to decreased body weight (20%), percentage body fat (8%) and carcass protein content (12%) when compared with non-EB-treated obese control mice. Estradiol reduced the caloric intakes of both genders by 25-35%, but did not affect body temperature regulation. Circulating glucose and insulin concentrations were also lowered by estrogens, although hyperinsulinemia persisted. Since post-treatment body weight changes correlated with daily food intakes (r = 0.81) rather than to rectal temperatures (r = -0.19), it appears that hypophagia provided a greater contribution to the estrogen-mediated reductions of growth and carcass fat than did altered energy expenditure for thermoregulation. While these data show that EB treatment does reduce the severity of some metabolic disturbances in a genetic model of type II diabetes, long-term estrogens do not appear to offer substantial advantages in the treatment of obesity or diabetes when compared with the effects of caloric restriction alone.[1]


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