The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Location of enzymes of androgen and estrogen biosynthesis in the testis of the ground squirrel (Citellus lateralis).

The intratesticular localization of enzymes of androgen and estrogen biosynthesis was studied in the ground squirrel (Citellus lateralis). In mature animals, interstitium and tubules were isolated by manual dissection. Microsomes were prepared and enzymes assayed by analysis of product formation after incubation with appropriate 3H-labeled substrates. In the immature testis, tubules and interstitium are not readily separable; thus, distribution was inferred after analysis of whole testicular microsomes from control, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-treated, and luteinizing hormone (LH)-treated animals. To verify the cellular composition of tissues and the status of steroidogenic organelles in Leydig and Sertoli cells, samples were also analyzed by light and electron microscopy. In mature squirrels, enzymes of androgen biosynthesis were concentrated in the interstitium; however, levels present in the tubules were sufficient to account for a substantial fraction of whole testicular activity (1/3 to 1/5). By contrast, virtually all of the testicular aromatase was accounted for by that in the seminiferous tubules. The purity of these fractions was checked by light microscopy; they showed little cross-contamination. In whole testicular microsomes of immature squirrels, androgen biosynthetic enzymes had a much lower specific activity than in mature animals; however, the opposite was true for aromatase, its activity being approximately 5-fold higher in prepubertal animals. Luteinizing hormone treatment markedly stimulated hydroxylase and lyase but not aromatase. Luteinizing hormone also induced an increase in Leydig cell size and a dramatic proliferation of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. These changes were correlated with increased serum testosterone. As shown previously in rats, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase was independent of LH control. Follicle-stimulating hormone had no effect on any of the enzymes studied, but induced some increase of agranular reticulum in Sertoli cells. Results from immature squirrels thus corroborate data from mature animals, showing a predominant interstitial location of androgen biosynthetic enzymes. While we cannot explain the absence of FSH stimulation of aromatase activity, the data do not refute the findings in mature animals showing a predominant tubular location of this enzyme. We conclude that the distribution of steroidogenic enzymes in the testis of squirrels differs in several important respects from rats, although both are members of the order Rodentia.[1]


  1. Location of enzymes of androgen and estrogen biosynthesis in the testis of the ground squirrel (Citellus lateralis). Pudney, J., Canick, J.A., Clifford, N.M., Knapp, J.B., Callard, G.V. Biol. Reprod. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities