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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in rat stomach mucosa by glandular stomach carcinogens.

Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) (repair DNA synthesis) in stomach pyloric mucosa of the F344/- DuCrj rat was examined in in vitro organ cultures in the presence of tritiated thymidine ([3H]dThd) and hydroxyurea after administration of chemical carcinogens in vivo. The DNA fraction was extracted from the cultured tissue, and the incorporation of [3H]dThd into DNA was determined in a liquid scintillation counter. DNA concentration was determined spectrophotometrically with either diphenylamine or 3,5- diaminobenzoic acid. A good correlation between induction of UDS and site specificity of carcinogens was observed. The glandular stomach carcinogens N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (CAS: 70-25-7), N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (CAS: 63885-23-4), N-propyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (CAS: 56-57-5), and N-nitroso-N-methylurethane (CAS: 615-53-2) induced UDS in the pyloric mucosa of the stomach. UDS could be detected 2-4 hours after administration of carcinogens in vivo by the present method. The forestomach carcinogens 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea (CAS: 684-93-5) and aristolochic acid (CAS: 1398-06-7) and the nongastric carcinogens 2-acetylaminofluorene (CAS: 53-96-3), 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole, 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole, and dimethylnitrosamine (CAS: 62-75-9) did not induce UDS in the pyloric mucosa.[1]


  1. Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in rat stomach mucosa by glandular stomach carcinogens. Furihata, C., Yamawaki, Y., Jin, S.S., Moriya, H., Kodama, K., Matsushima, T., Ishikawa, T., Takayama, S., Nakadate, M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1984) [Pubmed]
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